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Lesson Plans


Re: Using the internet/citations

[ Thread ][ Subject ][ Author ][ Date ]
M. Travis DiNicola (mtd120)
Thu, 14 Mar 1996 23:40:06 -0500


> A question has come to my attention and I would like to see if any
>of you have the answer. Some of the students I work with are using the
>internet to obtain information for papers they are writing. The question
>is how does one correctly document the source in a Works Cited or
>Bibliography?
>
>Brian S. Gray
>Student Teacher at Madrid-Waddington Central School

The following comes from a site I found listed in the Chronicle of Higher
Education as the current "official" way of citing Internet sources (at
least it worked for me on my thesis!).

Electronic Sources: APA Style of Citation

>>>Individual Works<<<

Basic forms, commercial supplier, and using an Internet protocol:

Author/editor. (Year). Title (edition), [Type of medium].
Producer (optional).
Available: Supplier/Database identifier or number [Access date].

Author/editor. (Year). Title (edition), [Type of medium].
Producer (optional).
Available Protocol (e.g., HTTP): Site/Path/File [Access date].

Examples:

Oxford English dictionary computer file: On compact disc (2nd
ed.), [CD-ROM].
(1992). Available: Oxford UP [1995, May 27].

Pritzker, T. J. (No date). An Early fragment from central Nepal
[Online]. (1992).
Available HTTP:
http://www.ingress.com/~astanart/pritzker/pritzker.html [1995, June
8].

* Write "No date" when the electronic publication date is not
available.

>>>Parts of Works<<<

Basic forms, commercial supplier, and using an Internet protocol:

Author/editor. (Year). Title. In Source (edition), [Type of
medium]. Producer
(optional). Available: Supplier/Database identifier or number
[Access date].

Author/editor. (Year). Title. In Source (edition), [Type of
medium]. Producer
(optional). Available Protocol (e.g., HTTP): Site/Path/File
[Access date].

Examples:

Bosnia and Hercegovina. (1995). In Academic American Encyclopedia
[Online].
Available: Dow Jones News Retrieval Service/ENCYC [1995, June 5].

* This is an article from an encyclopedia with no author given.

Daniel, R. T. (1995). The history of Western music. In Britannica
online: Macropaedia
[Online]. Available HTTP:
http://www.eb.com:180/cgi-bin/g:DocF=macro/5004/45/0.html [1995,
June 14].

>>>Journal Articles<<<

Basic forms, commercial supplier, and using an Internet protocol:

Author. (Year). Title. Journal Title [Type of medium],
volume(issue), paging or
indicator of length. Available: Supplier/Database name (Database
identifier or number,
if available)/Item or accession number [Access date].

Author. (Year). Title. Journal Title [Type of medium],
volume(issue), paging or
indicator of length. Available Protocol (e.g., HTTP):
Site/Path/File [Access date].

Examples:

Clark, J. K. Complications in academia: Sexual harassment and the
law. Siecus Report
[CD-ROM], 21(6), 6-10. Available: 1994 SIRS/SIRS 1993
School/Volume 4/Article 93A
[1995, June 13].

Carriveau, K. L., Jr. [Review of the book Environmental hazards:
Marine pollution].
Electronic Green Journal [Online], 2(1), 3 paragraphs. Available
Gopher:

gopher://gopher.uidaho.edu/11/UI_gopher/library/egj03/carriv01.html [1995,
June
21].

* This is a reference for a book review; brackets indicate title
is supplied.
* If the information is retrieved via a Gopher on the World Wide
Web, indicate the URL
in the "available" statement.

Inada, K. (1995). A Buddhist response to the nature of human
rights. Journal of
Buddhist Ethics [Online], 2, 9 paragraphs. Available HTTP:
http://www.cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html [1995, June 21].

>>>Magazine Articles<<<

Basic forms, commercial supplier, and using an Internet protocol:

Author. (Year, month day). Title. Magazine Title [Type of
medium], volume (if given),
paging or indicator of length. Available: Supplier/Database name
(Database identifier
or number, if available)/Item or accession number [Access date].

Author. (Year, month day). Title. Magazine Title [Type of
medium], volume (if given),
paging or indicator of length. Available Protocol (e.g., HTTP):
Site/Path/File [Access
date].

Examples:

Goodstein, C. (1991, September). Healers from the deep. American
Health [CD-ROM],
60-64. Available: 1994 SIRS/SIRS 1992 Life Science/Article 08A
[1995, June 13].

Viviano, F. (1995, May/June0. The new Mafia order. Mother Jones
Magazine [Online],
72 paragraphs. Available HTTP:
http://www.mojones.com/MOTHER_JONES/MJ95/viviano.html [1995, July
17].

>>>Newspaper Articles<<<

Basic forms, commercial supplier, and using an Internet protocol:

Author. (Year, month day). Title. Newspaper Title [Type of
medium], paging or
indicator of length. Available: Supplier/Database name (Database
identifier or number,
if available)/Item or accession number [Access date].

Author. (Year, month day). Title. Newspaper Title [Type of
medium], paging or
indicator of length. Available Protocol (e.g., HTTP):
Site/Path/File [Access date].

Examples:

Howell, V., & Carlton, B. (1993, August 29). Growing up tough:
New generation fights
for its life: Inner-city youths live by rule of vengeance.
Birmingham News [CD-ROM], p.
1A(10 pp.). Available: 1994 SIRS/SIRS 1993 Youth/Volume 4/Article
56A [1995, July
16].

Johnson, T. (1994, December 5). Indigenous people are now more
combative,
organized. Miami Herald [Online], p. 29SA(22
paragraphs).Available Gopher:
gopher://summit.fiu.edu/Miami Herald--Summit-Related
Articles/12/05/95--Indigenous People Now More Combative,
Organized [1995, July
16].

* This reference gives beginning page and the number of
paragraphs; this information
is useful if one wishes to refer to material in text references.

>>>Discussion List Messages<<<

Basic forms:

Author. (Year, Month day). Subject of message. Discussion List
[Type of medium].
Available E-mail: DISCUSSION LIST@e-mail address [Access date].

Author. (Year, Month day). Subject of message. Discussion List
[Type of medium].
Available E-mail: LISTSERV@e-mail address/Get [Access date].

Examples:

RRECOME. (1995, April 1). Top ten rules of film criticism.
Discussions on All Forms of
Cinema [Online]. Available E-mail: CINEMA-L [1995,
April 1].

* Author's login name, in uppercase, is given as the first element.

Discussions on All Forms of Cinema [Online]. Available E-mail:
LISTSERV/Get cinema-l log9504A [1995, August 1].

* Reference is obtained by searching the list's archive.

>>>Personal electronic communications (E-mail)<<<

Basic forms:

Sender (Sender's E-mail address). (Year, Month day). Subject of
Messae. E-mail to
recipient (Recipient's E-mail address)

Examples:

Day, Martha (MDAY). (1995, July 30). Review of film
-- Bad Lieutenant.
E-mail to Xia Li (XLI).

||MLA embellished style||Publication information||UVM Libraries Reference||

Send E-mail to Xia Li (xli) or Nancy Crane
(ncrane) for
comments, suggestions and more information.
University of Vermont.
Last update: 10/5/1995.

M. Travis DiNicola
E-Mail: mtd120
Internet: http://cac.psu.edu/~mtd120/

Digital Curator
The PalmerONLINE Museum of Art
Pennsylvania State University

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