Note: To protect the privacy of our members, e-mail addresses have been removed from the archived messages. As a result, some links may be broken.

Find Lesson Plans on! GettyGames

[teacherartexchange] Online presentation - Pre-Columbian Effigy


From: Judy Decker (judy.decker_at_TeacherArtExchange)
Date: Fri Mar 02 2007 - 08:04:13 PST

Dear Art Educators,

This was featured in Scout Report - and may interest some of you....

16. Sorcerers of the Fifth Heaven: Nahua Art and Ritual of Ancient Southern

This website was created to accompany an exhibition at the Princeton
University Art Museum to focus on one ceramic object, a Nahua effigy censer.
The effigy censer is made of clay and the mouth, nostrils, ears, and heart
were perforated to allow breath-like scrolls of smoke from burning incense
to be emitted from the body cavity. The censer was created in the likeness
of one of the five gods called the Maquiltonal, who are depicted in a Pre-
Colombian screenfold book called Codex Borgia, also represented on the
website. In addition to describing these gods and their symbols and powers,
the Codex Borgia was a calendar used by royal diviners, to predict the fate
of children born on particular days. The web site includes sections where
visitors can closely examine the effigy censer and read about the geography
of the region that is its probable place of origin - the Tehuacan Valley
located in southern Mexico. The website also includes sections on the
Codex, as well as information and images having to do with Nahua prayer, the
symbols of Nahua gods, and diviners' powers. [DS]

Also of interest

14. Omaha Indian Heritage

Bringing together Native American artifacts and documents can be a difficult
process, but fortunately for the preservation of materials from the Omaha
tribe, a group of organizations in Nebraska have taken on this project.
Drawing on resources from the University of Nebraska State Museum, the
Nebraska State Historical Society and other partners, they have created this
fine website. At the present time, the site includes sections containing
online texts, photographs, and artifacts. The online texts contain important
documents such as James Owen Dorsey's 1891 article "The Social Organization
of the Siouan Tribes" and Alice C. Fletcher's 1895 piece "The Sacred Pole of
the Omaha tribe". Visitors will also want to look through the photographs,
which include a portrait of Omaha scouts from 1865 and a number of images
from a powwow that was held in 1938. The site concludes with a list of
thematically organized links to external sites about the language, art, and
laws of the Omaha people. [KMG]

>From The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2007. (shared with permission)

To subscribe to Scout Report go to:

I have linked the Omaha Indian Heritage site on my page for Native
American resources.


Judy Decker

To unsubscribe go to