Give a hungry person a fish and the person eats for a day begs again
tomorrow. Teach the person to fish and the person eats for life.
Learning to formulate is better than following other peoples
formulas. Education is better than training. Teach a formula for a
face and you get one solution. Learn to measure and to formulate and
you can create any and every face. When they learn to see contour
and tone and ways to render it in addition to skills in measuring
proportions they will need no formula to follow.
Learning to draw by learning to see goes beyond knowing what certain
things look like. Learning the specific techniques of seeing better
helps us find out what everything looks like. There are good methods
to teach seeing and drawing without resorting to other people's
formulas. Teach students how to observe/express and students can
draw/express anything - not only those things for which they have
memorized a formula.
This is a list of six eye/brain/hand skills to learn in order to
learn to draw everything. Sighting devices and aides such as
viewfinders, blinders, and sighting with pencil or ruler can help us
learn the first three of these. Assignment limitations and changing
habits of learning can teach the second three. Most of this list
comes from a talk by Betty Edwards.
1. edges and contours (including shapes)
2. size relationships and proportions (including perspective)
3. angles and inclines (including perspective)
4. tone changes (shading) (including form and perspective)
5. negative space (inclusive vision)
6. pattern, texture, color (the rest of it)