I don't know anything about the history of tie dye, but I learned how to
make a spiral design when I worked at a summer camp. It looks really neat
and it's easy for the kids to do. Put the shirt on a hard, flat surface.
Pinch the shirt or material where you want the center of your spiral to be
and swirl the rest of the material around that point with your other hand.
Make sure that you are spiraling pretty tightly and that part of material is
still touching the table. When you're done with this, the material should
almost be in a ball shape. Put rubber bands around the ball, so they
criss-cross. The kids might need help with this part. Then dip the ball
into the dyes like you would anything else. This should make a spiral
pattern when it's unraveled. Hope that this helped a little bit with your
Penn State student