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Lesson Plans

RE- computer generated art

[ Thread ][ Subject ][ Author ][ Date ]
Cathy Cimellaro (
14 Dec 98 10:19:31 -0700

a message from cathy . . .
I agree with Reatha. I have taught Computer Art classes since 1988 in a high school. We have been given complete support by my district by the equipment and software that we use. The students are winning awards in art shows and sometimes even taking the first place and best of show awards. They are juried in just as a painting or drawing would be. I live in Phoenix, Arizona and Computer generated art is recogized as fine art. Where do you come from? Good luck Reatha, there are some of us on your side!!!

Date: 12/13/98 10:36 AM
To: Cathy Cimellaro
From: artsednet

artsednet-digest Sunday, December 13 1998 Volume 02 : Number 1122

This edition includes :
Re: Slide images
* * * Mac vs. IBM clones * * *
Re: yearbook
Re: Yearbooks
Re: Computers & Art
Re: artsednet-digest V2 #1119 (math/art)
Re: Computers & Art (long impassioned response...)
Re: Fw: Students' behaviors bother you?
Re: Fw: Students' behaviors bother you?
Photo I
Re: Fw: Students' behaviors bother you?
Re: Photo I
Re: Mac vs. IBM clones redux


Date: Sat, 12 Dec 1998 21:06:57 -0700
From: Christine Merriam <>
Subject: Re: Slide images

>>>>>Place rubber cement between 2 transparencies along with some dots of
colored ink. Put
this in a slide frame. In the projector,the rubber cements heats up and moves around.<<<<<<<

This set off red flags for me.... rubber cement is highly toxic, abused by
kids who sniff it, then suffer irreversable brain damage.... I can just
imagine the fumes from heating it up!!!!

Why subject yourself and students to that?

Christine Merriam
Kayenta Intermediate School


Date: Sat, 12 Dec 1998 23:17:59 -0600
From: RJD <drewyor>
Subject: * * * Mac vs. IBM clones * * *

O.K. Forget all the reasons why either is better. I just recalled the
number one reason for going with Mac. If you are getting computers for a
school computer lab; PC clones are NOT the way to go. Why? Because PC
clones are easier to hack. As we all should know; kids are notorious
hackers. They can and will bring down anything if given the chance.
They will have a better chance with PC clones. I should know, I have
hacked many a clone in my day (and I was a college student making the
professors look bad).



Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 00:34:17 -0500
From: deborah herbert <debbiedb>
Subject: Re:yearbook

My husband teaches high school art.... drawing, photography all levels
and yearbook. He uses computers (Pagemaker and photoshop) for his
work, everything is submitted on disk to Jostens. Someone else is
contracted to do the video yearbook because it is JUST as time
comsuming to do as the annual. Trust me, you can't do both!


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 00:40:23 EST
From: RWilk85411
Subject: Re: yearbook

In reference to video yearbooks. I did one for three years. If anyone doubts
the time and effort necessary to compile one, tell them to talk to me.


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 00:51:33 EST
From: RWilk85411
Subject: Re: Yearbooks

Our yearbook people use a computer to prepare the layout. But I think they
have discovered that there is a problem with digital photos printed with the
laser printers. The newspaper uses traditional photos also. It is something
that they do in preparing the work for the final printing process. Also,
unless you have a really good digital camera the photos don't reproduce well.


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 00:53:57 EST
From: RWilk85411
Subject: Re: Computers & Art

Could you explain what youmean by computerized art? As for the art I create
using a computer, if it is not art, what is it? What difference does it make
what tool you use. That's the same as saying a painting is not real art if it
was done with a roller instead of a brush.


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 05:44:11 -0500
From: "Lily Kerns" <cwkerns> (by way of judiej50)
Subject: Re: artsednet-digest V2 #1119 (math/art)

>>.Hi! I am developing a course for teachers to be taught at the University
Phoenix and need your help.
Can't help you on the text book, but there's always fractals (essentially
graphs of extremely complex math equations--if my non-math mind has it
correctly) This site is a good one to emphasize the math/art connection
and this one will link you to more than you may want to know.

And a couple more (try a search and you'll be astonished....)

You don't have to be either an artist or a mathemetician to appreciate these


On our local PBS last night, there was a special on Fractal Designs. Very

Judie J
Lily Kerns CWKerns
Art Teachers--
Quilt guild--


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 05:19:32 -0600
From: "Lily Kerns" <cwkerns>
Subject: Re: Computers & Art (long impassioned response...)

Does anyone out there have any good resource information dealing with
computerized art and the art curriculum? My student teacher has been
to write a position paper debating whether computerized art is really
art....and if not, what is it?? Any help you can give to us would be

What a question! Of course it's art! Computers don't make art--people do.
A computer is a tool--but a tool that extends the artist's capablities in
ways that could not even be dreamed of a few years ago.

Why not ask is it art if it is done with pencil but not if in ink? Or with
oil, but not with acrylics? Only with colored clay and animal fat and on
the wall of a cave--but not on canvas? With fingers but not a brush? Or
vice versa....

Are we to say that because we no longer have to grind and prepare our own
pigments before selecting and mixing the colors we chose to use--that it is
not art? That because we set up the mathematics, experiment with long
decimals and color gradients and make thoughtful decisions about images that
speak to us, about positioning, cropping, color and composition--but let the
computer do the calculations that might take us several lifetimes to figure,
then a fractal image can not be art?

Or that because I design a back ground texture and then let the magic of
Fractal Painter apply it in varying opacity and colors (that I that I
determine) to areas that I select that it is less art than when I apply
paint thinly to let the canvas texture show through? I didn't design the

Excuse my soapbox, folks....but my stylus and Wacom have become an extension
of my mind and soul just as my brush and canvas were BC (before computers).

A pencil can be used to trace--but if that happens to be a creative stretch
for you, then you may have been involved with the artistic process. If
clip art is the best you are equipped to handle at the moment, who dare say
that it can't be used creatively. And that you can't learn from either
process. That's not to say that either of these uses the pencil or the
computer to its full artistic potential...

Just out of curiosity, what was the context of the question? I'd love to
see a report on the answers received.... and on how the individuals'
computer graphics literacy relates to their answers.

You are welcome to quote any of this if it is of any help.

Lily Kerns CWKerns
Art Teachers--
Quilt guild--


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 07:35:55 EST
From: NMiloro
Subject: rubrics

For elementary levels, regarding rubrics: do you make the rubrics or do the
students? How does this work? Do you keep assessment folders for each child? I
am new to the idea of rubrics, though I have been using self evaluation for


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 09:18:29 EST
From: SBrad1
Subject: Re: Fw: Students' behaviors bother you?

In a message dated 12/12/98 3:50:14 AM EST, RWilk85411 writes:

<< Wow! Keep us posted on this one. Is this high school?
Reatha >>
Yes, He is a junior-250 pound linebacker, who is here on a football


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 09:23:38 EST
From: SBrad1
Subject: Re: Fw: Students' behaviors bother you?

In a message dated 12/12/98 7:37:46 AM EST, Egartteach writes:

<< Gabrielle...Is your administration aware of the incident? That student
should be serving more than a detention. >>

There are aware. Very aware. The detention was immediate. Now I wait to see
what happens when the "other" shoe falls. He's on scholarship for football.


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 08:29:48 -0600
From: "Lauretta A. Hendricks-Backus" <>
Subject: Photo I

I have just had a photo I class dropped in my lap for next semester. Never
taught it before and have minimal experience in it. Besides busting my
behind to brush up over break, any good resource suggestions? LHB


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 10:12:06 -0500
From: kprs <KPRS>
Subject: Re: Fw: Students' behaviors bother you?

In our school the football coach works very closely with the staff. He runs an
academic study hall for them, and connects with each teacher on each of his
football players weekly. SOOO if one of his 'guys' EVER did what that kid did,
the coach would be the first one to know, AND would be the first one to be on his
case (plus the kid would be disciplined like any other non- football kid), and
his parents would be called in, and he would have to go to see the school
psychologist. Other teachers would be solicited to see if they experienced the
same situation, and the child study team would be made aware of his behavior. The
only "other shoe" to fall would be his father's. (not that I am advocating child
abuse here folks).

Now if a non-football kid did the same thing, every procedure would be the same
except for the additional 'football' connection. (except that the football coach
is our disciplinarian at school too).

Our school is small, only 686 students, but as a staff, no matter our
philosophical differences, we support each other, and don't tolerate any of this
from students. Granted we are in suburbia, but we do insist that we are in
control, and not the students.

San D

SBrad1 wrote:

> In a message dated 12/12/98 7:37:46 AM EST, Egartteach writes:
> << Gabrielle...Is your administration aware of the incident? That student
> should be serving more than a detention. >>
> There are aware. Very aware. The detention was immediate. Now I wait to see
> what happens when the "other" shoe falls. He's on scholarship for football.
> Gabrielle


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 10:51:15 EST
From: WRapf
Subject: Re: Photo I

To LHB, Here is my intro and outline for a 12 week photo I course I teach.
The outline is ambitious but I do at least touch on each of the topics.

Bill R.

Souhegan High School PHOTOGRAPHY I


1) To develop an aesthetic understanding and an appreciation of the
techniques used to create expressive photography

2) To develop a proficiency in black and white film processing.

3) To develop a proficiency in black and white print making.

4) To learn proper camera handling and an understanding of how a basic
camera operates.

5) To introduce an outline of photographic history.

6) To study photographic masters and their works.

7) To acquire skills in visual composition and to increase one's visual
awareness to enable the creation of effective, expressive, and creative
photographic images.
Essential Questions in Art:

Essential questions are the core of the curriculum. It is important that
students in an art course learn more than how to manipulate a medium. These
questions form a backbone to a larger understanding of the creative process
across different content areas. It is hoped that all students will learn to
utilize and apply their knowledge of Art production, Art History, Art
aesthetics, and Art criticism to whatever field of discipline they choose.
A well educated person is able to observe and perceive information; is able to
understand, evaluate, and critique what is observed; and is able to
communicate or synthesize an appropriate response. Art teaches these skills.

1. Observation
2. Critical thinking
3. Decision making/problems solving
4. Group work
5. Communication

Overall Essential Questions
1. What is art?
2. Why is there art?
3. What makes me an artist?

Essential Sub-questions:
1. What makes photography different from other visual arts?
2. How do images convey messages?
3. How does photography work?
4. What is a photograph?
5. How has photography changed our world?

Page 1

The course involves considerable outside of class time work. If you enjoy
taking pictures with your camera, seeing new things, and creating images in
the darkroom, you will have fun learning. If you are to successfully master
the information provided in this course one should have the following:

1. A firm commitment of time and energy for the successful completion of
2) Adequate time in your schedule either during school of after school to
facilitate completion of photo assignments and access to the darkroom.
3) Financial resources to buy the required materials such as film and
photographic paper. ($20-40).
4) Access to a working camera. Preferably, the camera should be an adjustable
35mm, but automatic or instamatic type cameras are adequate though limiting.
5) A three ring notebook or folder with a big pocket to keep the numerous
handouts and personal notes.

What students learn -
In addition to addressing the seven goals outlined in the beginning students
will be asked to use their minds to develop good habits and techniques for
creative problem solving, critical thinking, respect for materials and tools,
and develop their own creative and imaginative abilities in the production and
appreciation of photographic images that show good design principles, concern
for craftsmanship and the effective use of fundamental photographic skills.

In addition, it is expected that students will develop an understanding of the
role of the Arts in our society and in particular appreciate and recognize
some historical significance of photography.

What students do -
Most work is done out of class. Students are encouraged to play around with
ideas and to take risks on challenging projects. Photographic ideas/problems
will be presented and students will be asked to explore and experiment with
their camera's while photographing assorted creative visual solutions. In
the darkroom, they will then "play" with the possibilities in creating a
final print to be mounted, evaluated, and exhibited.

The assignments will vary in length, difficulty, and scope. On the average,
every two weeks a finished print will be due for evaluation.

How the students are evaluated-

1. Demonstration of an understanding in practice or theory of the seven
objectives outlined above.
2. Contribution to the group.
3. Ability to persevere and solve problems creatively in a timely manner.
4. The qualitative and quantitative answers provided to the Essential

i Criteria will be provided for each task and the evaluation procedure will
include include:
1. Input from the instructor, the student and their peers.
2. Observation of daily progress, effort and attitude,
3. Evaluation of finished work using a scoring rubric, and oral critique.

Page 2
Souhegan High School



The camera obscura Steady camera
Heliograph Selective focus
Daguerreotype Double exposures
Tin type Loading/Unloading
Calotype Cleaning
The wet plate Care & storage
The Dry plate
Ambrotype FILM TYPES
Roll film
Modern Cameras Physical properties
Film characteristics
CAMERA TYPES Granular structure
Sizes and packaging
Pinhole camera How to choose a film
Box camera Film storage
Press camera Film handling
Miniature camera
View camera
Single lens reflex (SLR)
Twin Lens Reflex (TLR) Theory of development
110, 126, disc cameras Basic developers
120 & Medium Format cameras Fixing solutions
Stereo Camera Development procedures
Good negatives
LENSES Negative handling
Contrast control
Principle of the simple lens Density
Lens coatings Graininess
Lens speed
Zoom lenses
Resolving power Paper types, surfaces etc.
Aberrations Storage
Macro Lenses Contact printing
Chemicals for development
EXPOSURE CONTROLS development procedures
Drying prints
Types of shutters Projection printing
Shutter speeds Contrast controls
/stop system Dodging - Burning
Light meters Enlarger types
ASA/ISO adjustments The standard darkroom

Page 3



Spotting Color reversal film
Mounting, Dry, wet, & press Color negative film
Signing and dating Daylight color
Presentation Tungsten color
Window mats
Simplicity Macrophotography
Center of Interest Photograms
Rule of Thirds Pinhole cameras
Leading lines
Balance Tripod
Tone Unipod
Sky and background Camera bags
Eye placement Light meters
Light and dark Flash equipment
Cable release
LIGHTING Miscellaneous equipment

Outdoor lighting JOBS IN PHOTOGRAPHY
Indoor lighting
Flash Photography Portraits
Flash exposure outdoors Commercial
Use of reflectors Industrial
Window light Photojournalism
Light and shadow Motion picture
Photo instrumentation
Panning Forensic
Speed is relative Photo processing
Shutter speed selection Retail sales
Pre-focusing Camera repair
Zone focusing Scientific research
Use of flash Photo interpretation
Film selection Photo reconnaissance

How filters work
Skylight, UV, 1A filters

Page 4


Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 11:55:17 EST5EDT
From: "John Antoine Labadie" <labadie>
Subject: Re: Mac vs. IBM clones redux

> On Thu, 10 Dec 1998 gregjuli wrote:
> > Ok, I promise this is the last time I'll bug you guys about this but I really
> > need to hear from more you before I present my facts to the superintendent.
> > There is suppose to be almost a 1000 of us out there, so please just let me
> > know in a quick e-mail if you use a Mac or IBM thing in your art room.
> > Major Thanks!
> > MaryB in Wis.

There are lots of resaons for choosing any system. If cost per
computer is to be the deciding factor then many a bean counter will
go with PC. They are cheaper.

If what one is to do with the computer is among the criteria, and
graphics is the #1 thing one wishes to do, it seems that a PC will do
but a Mac is desirable.

I run a Art Department computer graphics program for the UNC system
... there's no choice about what to put in the studio: Apple G3's.
We can outfit a 300mhz, 700mb+ ram machine for less that 6K ...
can't do that with a PC workstation. But even at the lower end of
the Apple spectrum, 70-80% of the magazines and newspapers out there
are output on Macs (my Mass Comm. dept. gave me those figures btw).

And imho, the Mac OS 8.0-8.5 (and below) is simply more intuitive and
much easier to teach and use than the Mac-alike windows OS machines.
This is my experience.

Regards, JAL

Dr. John Antoine Labadie
Assistant Professor of Art
University of North Carolina at Pembroke

fax: 901.521.6688 wphone: 910521.6618
Art Dept. website:

"There are some enterprises in which a careful
disorderliness is the true method."

Herman Melville
Moby Dick, Ch. 82


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RE: computer generated art
10:10 AM 12/14/98