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Souhegan High School PHOTOGRAPHY I
INTRODUCTION & COURSE OBJECTIVES
1) To develop an aesthetic understanding and an appreciation of the
techniques used to create expressive photography
2) To develop a proficiency in black and white film processing.
3) To develop a proficiency in black and white print making.
4) To learn proper camera handling and an understanding of how a basic
5) To introduce an outline of photographic history.
6) To study photographic masters and their works.
7) To acquire skills in visual composition and to increase one's visual
awareness to enable the creation of effective, expressive, and creative
Essential Questions in Art:
Essential questions are the core of the curriculum. It is important that
students in an art course learn more than how to manipulate a medium. These
questions form a backbone to a larger understanding of the creative process
across different content areas. It is hoped that all students will learn to
utilize and apply their knowledge of Art production, Art History, Art
aesthetics, and Art criticism to whatever field of discipline they choose.
A well educated person is able to observe and perceive information; is able to
understand, evaluate, and critique what is observed; and is able to
communicate or synthesize an appropriate response. Art teaches these skills.
2. Critical thinking
3. Decision making/problems solving
4. Group work
Overall Essential Questions
1. What is art?
2. Why is there art?
3. What makes me an artist?
1. What makes photography different from other visual arts?
2. How do images convey messages?
3. How does photography work?
4. What is a photograph?
5. How has photography changed our world?
The course involves considerable outside of class time work. If you enjoy
taking pictures with your camera, seeing new things, and creating images in
the darkroom, you will have fun learning. If you are to successfully master
the information provided in this course one should have the following:
1. A firm commitment of time and energy for the successful completion of
2) Adequate time in your schedule either during school of after school to
facilitate completion of photo assignments and access to the darkroom.
3) Financial resources to buy the required materials such as film and
photographic paper. ($20-40).
4) Access to a working camera. Preferably, the camera should be an adjustable
35mm, but automatic or instamatic type cameras are adequate though limiting.
5) A three ring notebook or folder with a big pocket to keep the numerous
handouts and personal notes.
What students learn -
In addition to addressing the seven goals outlined in the beginning students
will be asked to use their minds to develop good habits and techniques for
creative problem solving, critical thinking, respect for materials and tools,
and develop their own creative and imaginative abilities in the production and
appreciation of photographic images that show good design principles, concern
for craftsmanship and the effective use of fundamental photographic skills.
In addition, it is expected that students will develop an understanding of the
role of the Arts in our society and in particular appreciate and recognize
some historical significance of photography.
What students do -
Most work is done out of class. Students are encouraged to play around with
ideas and to take risks on challenging projects. Photographic ideas/problems
will be presented and students will be asked to explore and experiment with
their camera's while photographing assorted creative visual solutions. In
the darkroom, they will then "play" with the possibilities in creating a
final print to be mounted, evaluated, and exhibited.
The assignments will vary in length, difficulty, and scope. On the average,
every two weeks a finished print will be due for evaluation.
How the students are evaluated-
1. Demonstration of an understanding in practice or theory of the seven
objectives outlined above.
2. Contribution to the group.
3. Ability to persevere and solve problems creatively in a timely manner.
4. The qualitative and quantitative answers provided to the Essential
• Criteria will be provided for each task and the evaluation procedure will
1. Input from the instructor, the student and their peers.
2. Observation of daily progress, effort and attitude,
3. Evaluation of finished work using a scoring rubric, and oral critique.
Souhegan High School
PHOTOGRAPHY I AREAS OF STUDY
HISTORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY CAMERA HANDLING
The camera obscura Steady camera
Heliograph Selective focus
Daguerreotype Double exposures
Tin type Loading/Unloading
The wet plate Care & storage
The Dry plate
Ambrotype FILM TYPES
Modern Cameras Physical properties
CAMERA TYPES Granular structure
Sizes and packaging
Pinhole camera How to choose a film
Box camera Film storage
Press camera Film handling
Movie camera FILM PROCESSING
Single lens reflex (SLR)
Twin Lens Reflex (TLR) Theory of development
110, 126, disc cameras Basic developers
120 & Medium Format cameras Fixing solutions
Stereo Camera Development procedures
LENSES Negative handling
Principle of the simple lens Density
Lens coatings Graininess
Focal length PHOTOGRAPHIC
Resolving power Paper types, surfaces etc.
Macro Lenses Contact printing
Chemicals for development
EXPOSURE CONTROLS development procedures
Types of shutters Projection printing
Shutter speeds Contrast controls
/stop system Dodging - Burning
Light meters Enlarger types
ASA/ISO adjustments The standard darkroom
PHOTOGRAPHY I COURSE OUTLINE
PRINT FINISHING COLOR
Spotting Color reversal film
Mounting, Dry, wet, & press Color negative film
Signing and dating Daylight color
Presentation Tungsten color
Center of Interest Photograms
Rule of Thirds Pinhole cameras
Sky and background Camera bags
Eye placement Light meters
Light and dark Flash equipment
LIGHTING Miscellaneous equipment
Outdoor lighting JOBS IN PHOTOGRAPHY
Flash Photography Portraits
Flash exposure outdoors Commercial
Use of reflectors Industrial
Window light Photojournalism
Light and shadow Motion picture
ACTION Fine Art
Speed is relative Photo processing
Shutter speed selection Retail sales
Pre-focusing Camera repair
Zone focusing Scientific research
Use of flash Photo interpretation
Film selection Photo reconnaissance
How filters work
Skylight, UV, 1A filters