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Lesson Plans

"Teaching From An Art Cart"

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National Art Education Association (naea)
Mon, 11 Aug 1997 12:11:05 -0400 (EDT)

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"Teaching From An Art Cart"

by Ann Cappetta, An Coordinator/Teacher,
North Haven Middle School, North Haven, Connecticut


As the challenges of a constantly changing educational reform movement
unfold for the Twenty-First Century and many aspects of schooling are being
updated, one element remains frozen in time: an teachers are still teaching
from an Art Cart. The practice of itinerant an instruction has remained
virtually unchanged for generations.

Ideally, art instruction should take place in a well-equipped an room,
however, this is not always the case. In many schools throughout the
country; art and music specialists have had their programs relegated to a
cart due to a resurgence in student population and lack of building space.

Flexibility and innovations in organizational skills, creative
problem-solving, instruction, and public relations go "hand-in-hand" with
being an itinerant art teacher.

In response to many itinerant teachers request to better their situations,
this advisory highlights some insights and ideas which we hope will equip
educators to meet the challenges of teaching from a cart.

Time Allocated Between Classes

* An itinerant art teacher who teaches in several classrooms needs time to
unload one stack of materials and load others onto a cart or into a carton,
as well as time to briefly prepare the next lesson. If the art teacher must
travel to several classrooms, these should not be scheduled consecutively
in opposite ends of a building.(1992)

* Work with your principal to create a realistic schedule that builds in 5
minutes traveling and set-up time to make a smoother transition from class
to class.

Organizational Skills Are Key

* Solicit your principal's assistance in acquiring one or two art carts
which are designed for itinerant teaching. There are several options:
smaller light-weight carts are less bulky and easier to maneuver; heavy
duty rubber carts are excellent for wet items and do not have sharp edges
or corners which can injure operators; or, portable closed cabinet models
with storage shelves for two dimensional materials. Christine Laue,
veteran itinerant art teacher with fifteen years experience, feels "it is
better to have a separate cart for each level of the building in which you

* Consider standard coloring materials a staple and always have plenty on
hand, along with glue, scissors, and construction paper for those students
who finish early.

* Always carry your class schedule, school floor plan, and a smock.

* Be prepared for any situation. Carry a trash bag which can be clipped or
taped to the side of the cart along with spring-type clothespins to hang
wet and/or dry handiwipes.

* Carry your own office supplies, e.g., stapler, clips, tape, etc.

* Check out each classroom in advance for general layout, sink, and furniture.

* Prearrange with classroom teachers to have desks grouped in 4's to access
sharing of materials.

* Arrange with the classroom teacher for an area where wet objects can be
dried and provide them with a box as storage for dry projects. Solicit
their assistance in not sending projects home until you authorize it.

* Use small spring clips or bungi cords on side of the cart to hold samples.

* Place the art room rules on a chart clipped to the front of the cart.

* Purchase inexpensive stacking crates or tote trays, preferably
color-coded, to fit into moveable carts. These can be used for precut or
prepared two-dimensional materials or to house supplies for a total art
lesson. The color coding will assist in identifying the appropriate grade
or level, e.g., yellow-early childhood, red-primary, blue-intermediate.

* Plastic dishpans are excellent storage containers for markers or crayons.

* If a sink in each room is not available, use heavy-duty half-gallon
containers for water. Student helpers can fill the buckets in the nearest

* So that clean-up and set-up for the following class will be more
efficient, keep at least a two class supply of brushes on the cart.

* Prepare set-up kits ahead of time for printing-cookie sheets or old
cafeteria trays with ink and brayer; drawing tools-tall plastic containers
with pencils, rulers, etc.; fiber materials-dividers inside a large
cardboard box to house yarn, holes can be poked around the side so that
[the ends can be found: paints-separate tote trays with primary and
secondary tempera cakes rather than liquid.

Realistic Curriculum Expectations

* Try to develop a curriculum that parallels the facilities and the schedule.

* Keep 3-dimensional projects to a minimum and small in size. Concentrate
on 2-dimensional projects.

* Be realistic when choosing a particular medium. Minimize color selection
to make a class more manageable. Substitute if need be, e.g., watercolors
versus temperas, oil crayons rather than pastels, etc. Self-hardening clays
legitimately provide students with a satisfactory experience.

* Keep the length of each project to a reasonable amount of time.

* Remember that basic materials such as markers, crayons, glue, and
construction paper can be combined in numerous forms and keep a program

* Prearrange with the classroom teacher to have a student enrichment center
available in the room, e.g., art visuals used for teaching art history or
art books. These can be housed and shared during the week when you are not
teaching the class.

* Evaluating student's work can be a challenge. Place work on desks and
have students circulate around the room or try taping art work on a bungi
cord that can be stretched across two points.

Facilitate Good Relationships

* The principal, custodian, and classroom teachers can be your best advocates.

* Seek your principals assistance when attempting to set a school-wide
policy such as having each teacher prearrange the furniture. Become aware
of individual tolerances when planning particular activities that are messy
and require long-term storage.

* Make a point of returning the room to the way you found it.

* On a positive note, teaching from a cart provides insight into other
subject areas and possible correlated activities.

* Offer to team teach a unit that ties into your lesson or curriculum.

* Realize that you are an integral, part of the total structure.
Cooperation and consideration are a key issue.

* Displaying correlated artwork, murals or projects can be a positive
experience for all.

* Special attention needs to be directed to school and state policy
regarding students' assistance in moving large equipment such as an art
cart or portable dry rack.

Art Preparation/Storage Room Recommendations
* A room is necessary to house equipment, materials, tools, etc. It should
be centrally located and accessible only to the art specialist.

* Adequate lighting, work tables, heating, and ventilation are a must.

* Space for storage of art cart(s) or a moveable dry rack.

* A large sink with hot and cold water is a necessity, as is a paper towel

* Sturdy shelving of various depths are needed for storage of paper,
folders, unfinished projects, etc.

* A teachers' desk, with chair and file cabinet are most desirable.

* If possible, a separate room should be provided for the ceramic kiln
equipped with proper ventilation.

Stay Light-Hearted
* Make the most of your cart. Try transforming it when teaching a concept
or art history style.

* Create a mini-display of student art work from the cart.

* Have a sense of humor, make the job fun rather than frustrating.

* Wear comfortable clothes and shoes and keep smiling.

* Teaching from a cart can be a challenge, but it can also be a positive
experience, it all depends upon your vision. An affirmative attitude
coupled with professionalism will reap endless rewards and a satisfying


Susan Costello, "Art a la Carte". School Arts, September, 1988.
Audrey Worman, "Art from a Rolling Cart", Arts and Activities, November, 1992.

Thanks to the following individuals for their contributions: Bobbi Bowman,
Felicia Geraldi, Christine Laue. Bob Looney, Principal, Laurel Plains
Elementary School, New York City, New York, and Elissa Oken.


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