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Lesson Plans

Re: "New" color wheel -long

[ Thread ][ Subject ][ Author ][ Date ]
Thu, 29 Apr 1999 23:50:02 EDT

Dear Sue:
I found in one of my books the following:
Sir Isaac Newton first discovered the true nature of color around
1660. Having separated color into the spectrum - red on top and violet on
the bottom - he was the first to conceive of it as a color wheel.
Ingeniously, he twisted what was a straight-lined spectrum, joined the ends,
and inserted purple, a color leaning to red-violet - a color not found in the
spectrum. this red-violet he saw as a transition between violet and red.
Newton's wheel contained seven colors, which he related to the seven known
planets and the seven notes of the diatonic scale in music, red corresponding
to note C, orange to D, yellow to E, green to F, blue to G, indigo to A, and
violet to B.
The discovery of pigment primaries
Around 1731, J. C. LeBlon discovered the primary characteristics of the
pigments of red, yellow, and blue and their ability to create orange, green
and violet. To this day, his discovery remains the basis of much pigment
color theory.
The first triadic color wheel
The first wheel in full color and based on the three primary system was
published around 1766. It appeared in a book entitled "The Natural System of
Colours" by Mr. Morris Harris, and English engraver. In the first decade of
the nineteenth century Johann Wolfgang von Goethe began placing the colors,
with their triangular arrangements, around a circle. In addition, Philipp
Otto Runge created the first color solid (a three-dimensional color
organization) by exploring tints, tones, and shades of color. (Art
Fundamentals: Theory and Practice, Ocvirk, Stinson, Wigg, Bone, Cayton 1994)
Hope this helps you