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Lesson Plans


[ Thread ][ Subject ][ Author ][ Date ]
Fri, 24 Apr 1998 20:23:06 EDT

Dear Carla:
In response to your question about how to classify the periods Baroque,
Roccoco, and Neoclassical, there really are some gray areas. I think though
that it is good to look at two things: the nationality of the artist and the
philosophical intent of the artist. Gainsborough had a different social
setting and outlook than say Boucher, who is definately Roccoco. Also,
Gainsborough painted for the British elite, who fancied things Neoclassical
but were more reserved than the French aristocracy that patronized Boucher,
who liked Classical themes too, but dipped in fluff and sensuality and highly
dramatized. Baroque came before Roccoco, and can be characterized by drama as
well, but is also closely linked to the Counter Reformation and church themes.
Baroque style was especially important to Catholic countries like Spain and
Italy and was a reaction to the claims of Northern Renaissance artists that
the art and doctrine there was too impersonal. This is one educator's way to
explain it, but I am sure there are other Art Historians out there with a much
better grasp and I invite them to add to this or revise it.
Also, I recommend Gardner's Art Through the Ages over Janson's as an art
history text. We use it at the University of Arizona and Pima Community
College in Tucson and have no desire to switch. Gardner's also has a web site
with great links to museums and art history resources. It can be found at:
I have used this as a starting point for my students to do research on the
Internet on art history topics and they have found it very easy to use. I
really enjoy the educators resources listed at the end of the site. Worth
checking out.
Hope this helps. I think AP Art History is a wonderful thing!

Amy Metcalfe
CRIZMAC Art & Cultural Education Materials, Inc.
Art Education Resources, Folk Art, Books, Music, Videos, and More!
For a free catalog call (800) 913-8555
email: crizmacinc

Carla Schiller wrote:
I have a question for the group. I've noticed that in different art
history resources, certain 18th century paintings are labeled "Rococo" in
one source, labeled "late Baroque" in another, and labeled "Neoclassical"
in a third. For example, Janson puts Gainsborough in his Rococo section,
yet I've seen this artist grouped in each of the other two categories in
different books. How do you define/distinguish these periods? Have any of you
had this
problem before? Some of my students are taking the Art History AP in a few
weeks and would like to know. I myself find the three periods somewhat
different from each other and am confused by the conflict. I'd appreciate
any helpful advice.