European Convention on Landscape (2000)

Council of Europe

The Convention sets forth the principles and guidelines for the preservation of landscapes. It defines landscapes as areas "whose character is the result of the interaction of natural and/or human factors." It recognizes the contributions that landscapes have on the formation of local cultures, including those that may be considered degraded. The Convention contains a general outline for the safeguarding of landscapes that includes increasing awareness of their value, promoting multidisciplinary training programs, and assessing the landscapes identified. It also calls for the introduction of instruments aimed at protecting, managing, and/or planning the landscape. Finally, the Convention encourages cooperation among member States, including the exchange of information and the creation of joint landscape programs.