Convention on Biological Diversity (1993)

United Nations Environment Program

The Convention, as an international treaty, identifies a common problem, sets goals and policies and obligations, and organizes technical and financial cooperation. The responsibility for achieving the goals rests primarily with the countries themselves. The Convention requires that States develop national biodiversity strategies and plans, and integrate these into the broader national plans for the environment and development. States must:

  • identify and monitor components of biological diversity in need of conservation;
  • establish protected areas;
  • rehabilitate and restore degraded ecosystems in collaboration with local residents;
  • prevent the introduction of alien species which threaten ecosystems;
  • adopt economically and socially; and
  • promote and encourage public awareness.