Second Protocol to the Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (1999)


UNESCO

The Second Protocol is intended to supplement the provisions of the original 1954 Hague Convention and to reinforce its implementation. It contains general provisions for the safeguarding of cultural property that include taking preparatory measures in times of peace, fostering respect for cultural property, and employing precautionary measures in times of conflict. The Convention also calls for provisions enhanced protection status for cultural heritage property and immunity granted under such status. It describes the circumstances under which enhanced protection status can be lost, suspended or cancelled. The Convention also outlines criminal responsibility and jurisdictional procedures in the event of violations. It specifically addresses the protection of cultural property in the event of domestic, national armed conflicts. The Convention calls for informational and educational programs to foster appreciation and respect for cultural property. Finally, the Convention establishes the Committee for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict which is to develop guidelines for implementation and be responsible for the granting and rescinding of enhanced protection status. A Fund for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict is also established.