Roerich Pact: Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments (1935)

Roerich Museum (U.S.) and Governments of American States

This document enacts a resolution approved at the Seventh International Conference of American States in 1933. The pact recommends the universal adoption of a flag to protect immovable monuments - both public and private - in times of danger. The pact affirms that monuments, museums, scientific, artistic, educational, and cultural institutions and their personnel are to be considered neutral in times of war unless put to military use. Likewise, they are to be accorded respect and protection in peacetime. The treaty proposes a distinctive flag to identify protected monuments and institutions. The design of the flag consists of a red circle on a white background. Inside the circle are three red spheres.