General Conclusions of the Athens Conference (1931)


First International Congress of Architects and Technicians of Historic Monuments

These Conclusions were drafted at the end of a conference on the restoration of historic monuments and buildings held in Athens in 1931. This document introduced important conservation concepts and principles:

  • the idea of a common world heritage;
  • the importance of the setting of monuments; and
  • the principle of integration of new materials.


The Conclusions were ahead of their time in calling for the reburial of archaeological remains when conservation cannot be guaranteed.