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Western Thebes: History, Change, and Challenges

The Colossi of Memnon, sixty-five-foot-high colossal quartzite seated figures of the Eighteenth Dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep III, which stood against the entry pylons of his gigantic mortuary temple, currently being excavated by Hourig Sourouzian. These massive statues are the only visible remains of this once-large complex. Photo: W. Raymond Johnson.