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Cultural Property at War: Protecting Heritage during Armed Conflict

Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives (MFAA) Officer James Rorimer (rear center) supervises U.S. soldiers carrying paintings from Neuschwanstein Castle in Germany. MFAA teams were part of an effective military effort to protect and recover cultural property during wartime. (Prior to the war, Rorimer was a curator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York; he went on to become its director.) Photo: Courtesy of U.S. National Archives.