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ID: 700002332Record Type: Movable Work
Images: 1
Missal (illuminated manuscript; Master of the Brussels Initials (Italian, active about 1389 ...; between 1389 and 1404; J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los A...; 88.MG.71; Ms. 34)
Note: 277 folios, 3 half-page miniatures, 8 quarter-page miniatures, 3 historiated borders, 89 historiated initials, 12 decorated calendar pages. Cosimo de' Migliorati, bishop of Bologna (later Pope Innocent VII), commissioned this luxuriously decorated missal; created between 1389 and 1404, the year in which he was elevated to the papacy. A missal contains all the texts used for celebrating Mass, including all the chants sung by the choir but without musical notation. Only the musically elaborate portions sung by the celebrating priest are supplied with notation, suggesting that this book was designed to be used by the cardinal himself at the altar as he celebrated Mass. The elegant illuminations of the missal, consisting of decorated calendar pages, numerous historiated initials, ornamented borders, and miniatures, place the book within the tradition of Bolognese manuscript illumination. The manuscript's anonymous illuminator, known as the Master of the Brussels Initials, was trained in Bologna, a city whose book trade flourished due to the prestige and growth of the university. The Master's work is characterized by the use of vivid colors, heavily modeled figures, and borders teeming with drolleries, beasts, and acanthus leaves.
Titles:
Missal (preferred,C,U,English-P,U,U)
Ms. 34 (C,U,MD,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: volume
Work Types:
illuminated manuscript [300265483] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by conditions of production>, manuscripts (documents))
missal [300026472]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by function>, religious texts, liturgical texts)
book [300028051]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), information artifacts, <information artifacts by physical form>)

Classifications:
manuscripts (preferred)

Creation Date: between 1389 and 1404

Creator Display:
Master of the Brussels Initials (Italian, active about 1389 - 1410) (Italian Illuminator) [preferred,JPGM]
illuminator Master of the Brussels Initials (Italian illuminator, active ca. 1390-1410, active in France) [500009588]
patron Innocent VII, Pope (Italian Pope, 1336-1406) [500356976]
Locations:
Current: J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los Angeles county, California, United States) [500329598] J. Paul Getty Museum, J. Paul Getty Trust, Corporate Bodies (Corp. Body)
Repository Numbers: 88.MG.71; Ms. 34
Other: Creation: Bologna [7003127] Emilia-Romagna (region (administrative division)), Italy (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, and ink on parchment bound between wood boards covered with blind-stamped sheepskin
tempera [300015062]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, water-base paint)
gold leaf [300264831]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, metal, <metal by form>, leaf (metal))
gilt paint [300343596]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, metallic paint)
ink [300015012]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>)
parchment (animal material) [300011851]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material)
wood board [300162666]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, plant material, <wood and wood products>, wood products)
sheepskin [300193374]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, collagenous material, skin (collagenous material))
blind stamping [300192907]
.......(Activities Facet, Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name), <processes and techniques by specific type>, <surface marking processes and techniques>, stamping (marking))

Dimensions: Leaf: 33 x 24 cm (13 x 9 7/16 in.)
Cultures:
Italian (preferred)

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Renaissance [300021140] (preferred,style)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name), <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, <Renaissance-Baroque styles and periods>)

General Subject:
religion and mythology (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
mass (eucharist) [300379721]
.....(Activities Facet, Events (hierarchy name), events (activities), ceremonies, religious ceremonies, eucharists) (AAT)
prayers (documents) [300026452]
.....(Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by form>, literature (writings), <document genres for literary works>) (AAT)
liturgy [300055983]
.....(Associated Concepts Facet, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name), <religions and religious concepts>, religious concepts, worship) (AAT)
Latin (language) [300388693]
.....(Associated Concepts Facet, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name), language-related concepts, <languages and writing systems>, <languages and writing systems by specific type>) (AAT)

Inscriptions: Secondary Inscription: Inscribed fol. 1, in lower margin, in an early modern hand, illegible 2-line inscription. Inscribed fol. 5, in a sixteenth-century hand, "Cg.s s.te m.e d p.o R.me i.43" (ex-libris of Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome) Inscribed fol. 94v, "Oremus et pro beatissimo papa nostro B." [Boniface IX (1389-1404)]. Inscribed fol. 136, in fifteenth-century hand, "scte marie de pplo Rome" (ex-libris of Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome) Inscribed back pastedown, at upper edge, in sixteenth-century hand, in ink, "D[omi]n[u]s n[ote]r .. or d ..." Inscribed back pastedown, near upper edge, doodles in ink (including four "g"s) Inscribed back pastedown, upper outer edge, in pencil, "88.MG.71" (Getty accession number)
List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Movable Works
Sources and Contributors:
Missal........ [JPGM]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Ms. 34........ [VP]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Subject: ....... [JPGM,VP]
Note:
English ..... [JPGM,VP]
..... J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
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