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ID: 700002330Record Type: Movable Work
Images: 1
Mira calligraphiae monumenta (illuminated manuscript; Joris Hoefnagel , illuminator, and Georg Bocskay, scribe; fols. 1-129 written 1561 - 156...; J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los A...; 86.MV.527; Ms. 20)
Note: 150 folios + 6 flyleaves, 44 full-page miniatures, 128 half-page miniatures. om 1561 to 1562, Georg Bocskay, the Croatian-born court secretary to the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I, created this Model Book of Calligraphy in Vienna to demonstrate his technical mastery of the immense range of writing styles known to him. About thirty years later, Emperor Rudolph II, Ferdinand's grandson, commissioned Joris Hoefnagel to illuminate Bocskay's model book. Because of Hoefnagel's interest in painting objects of nature, his detailed images complement Rudolph II's celebrated Kunstkammer, a cabinet of curiosities. In addition to his fruit and flower illuminations, Hoefnagel added to the Model Book a section on constructing the letters of the alphabet in upper- and lowercase.
Titles:
Mira calligraphiae monumenta (preferred,C,U,English-P,U,U)
Model Book of Calligraphy (C,U,DE,English,U,U)
Ms. 20 (C,U,MD,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: volume
Work Types:
illuminated manuscript [300265483] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by conditions of production>, manuscripts (documents))
pattern book [300026131]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by function>, reference sources)
book [300028051]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), information artifacts, <information artifacts by physical form>)

Classifications:
manuscripts (preferred)

Creation Date: fols. 1-129 written 1561 - 1562; illumination added about 1591 - 1596

Creator Display:
Joris Hoefnagel , illuminator, and Georg Bocskay, scribe [preferred,JPGM]
illuminator Hoefnagel, Joris (Flemish illuminator, 1542-1601) [500024336]
patron Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (Holy Roman emperor, 1552-1512) [500122378]
patron Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (Holy Roman Emperor, 1503-1564) [500354882]
scribe Bocskay, Georg (Eastern European calligrapher and scribe, died 1575) [500006758]
Locations:
Current: J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los Angeles county, California, United States) [500329598] J. Paul Getty Museum, J. Paul Getty Trust, Corporate Bodies (Corp. Body)
Repository Numbers: 86.MV.527; Ms. 20
Other: Creation: Wien [7003030] Austria (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: Watercolors, gold and silver paint, and ink on parchment and paper bound between pasteboard covered with red morocco
watercolor (paint) [300015045]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, water-base paint)
gilt paint [300343596]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, metallic paint)
ink [300015012]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>)
pasteboard (paper) [300162474]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by form>, <materials by physical form>, <fiber and fiber by product>, <fiber by product>, paper (fiber product), <paper by form>)
morocco (leather) [300227857]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material, leather, <leather by process>, vegetable-tanned leather, vegetable-tanned goatskin)
silver paint [300379713]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, metallic paint)
parchment (animal material) [300011851]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material)

Dimensions: Leaf: 16.6 x 12.4 cm (6 9/16 x 4 7/8 in.)
Cultures:
Flemish (preferred)
Hungarian

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Renaissance [300021140] (preferred,style)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name), <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, <Renaissance-Baroque styles and periods>)

General Subject:
didactic and propaganda (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
calligraphy (visual works) [300266660]
.....(Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Visual Works (hierarchy name), visual works (works), <visual works by material or technique>) (AAT)
model books [300026131]
.....(Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by function>, reference sources) (AAT)
plants (living organisms) [300132360]
.....(Agents Facet, Living Organisms (hierarchy name), living organisms (entities), Eukaryota (domain)) (AAT)
flowers (plant components) [300132399]
.....(Objects Facet, Components (hierarchy name), components (objects parts), <components by specific context>, biological components, plant components) (AAT)
Latin (language) [300388693]
.....(Associated Concepts Facet, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name), language-related concepts, <languages and writing systems>, <languages and writing systems by specific type>) (AAT)

Inscriptions: Inscription: Fol. 151v inscribed with Hoefnagel's rebus and devise: "Absolutum. IN DEFECTU VALOR. Anno 1596". Secondary Inscription: Inscribed sixth front flyleaf, upper center, in pen, "Georgii Bochkaj Mira calligraphiae monumenta et pictoriae patientiae diligentissima indicia ab an. 1562 ad 1596". Inscribed fol. 14, "Anno domini millesimo quingentesimo sexagesimo primo". Inscribed fol. 28, Ferdinand I's titles. Inscribed fol. 29, "Anno G. MDLXI B". Inscribed fol. 34, in gold letters, "Georgus Bochkaj". Inscribed fol. 71, "et finis denique mei foelix consummatio 1562". Inscribed fol. 72, "Anno Domini MDLXII". Inscribed fol. 89, in gold, "Bochkai sacr : Rom : Imp : Maie : Aulicus Viennae / scripsit. Anno Domini MDLXII / Anno MDLXII / GEORGIUS BOCHKAJ". Inscribed fol. 96, "MDLXII" Inscribed fol. 99, "Anno M.D.L.XII". Inscribed fol. 104, "MDLXI". Inscribed fol. 111, titles of the Holy Roman Emperor. Inscribed fol. 112, titles of Ferdinand I and Charles V. Inscribed fol. 113, "MDLXII
List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Movable Works
Sources and Contributors:
Mira calligraphiae monumenta........ [JPGM]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Model Book of Calligraphy........ [JPGM,VP]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Ms. 20........ [VP]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Subject: ....... [JPGM,VP]
Note:
English ..... [VP,JPGM]
..... J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
..... J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
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