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ID: 700002321Record Type: Movable Work
Images: 1
Decretum (illuminated manuscript; Unknown French illuminator; Gratian, author; around 1170-1180; J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los A...; 83.MQ.163; Ms. Ludwig XIV 2)
Note: 239 folios + 2 flyleaves, 2 full-page miniatures, 13 historiated initials, 25 decorated initials. As a teacher at the University in Bologna sometime between 1140 and 1150, Gratian, who was also a monk, organized the study of church law with his compilation of the Decretum. This unprecedented gathering of nearly four thousand texts was drawn from Early Christian writings, papal pronouncements, and council decrees. As the most comprehensive manual of canon law, it quickly became a standard textbook for university students throughout Europe. The Getty Museum's manuscript of the Decretum, dated about 1170 to 1180, is richly illuminated, with two full-page miniatures and a variety of historiated and decorated initials that mark divisions of the text. The northern French Romanesque style of the illuminations was strongly influenced by English art. This type of decoration links the manuscript to a group of books produced for Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, and his secretary while they were in exile in France. Made by anonymous craftspeople, it is not clear whether the Museum's manuscript and the other books in this group were painted in Sens, the site of Becket's exile, or in nearby Paris.
Titles:
Decretum (preferred,C,U,English-P,U,U,Latin,U,U)
Decretals (C,U,DE,English,U,U)
Ms. Ludwig XIV 2 (C,U,MD,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: volume
Work Types:
illuminated manuscript [300265483] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by conditions of production>, manuscripts (documents))
decretal [300026927]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by function>, declaratory documents, decrees)
book [300028051]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), information artifacts, <information artifacts by physical form>)

Classifications:
manuscripts (preferred)

Creation Date: around 1170-1180

Creator Display:
Unknown French illuminator; Gratian, author [preferred,JPGM]
illuminator unknown French (French cultural designation) [500125235]
author Term Not Found [500091349]
Locations:
Current: J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los Angeles county, California, United States) [500329598] J. Paul Getty Museum, J. Paul Getty Trust, Corporate Bodies (Corp. Body)
Repository Numbers: 83.MQ.163; Ms. Ludwig XIV 2
Other: Creation: Paris [7008038] Île-de-France (region (administrative division)), France (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Other: Creation: Sens [7008255] Burgundy region (region (administrative division)), France (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment bound between wood boards covered with brown calf
tempera [300015062]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, water-base paint)
gold leaf [300264831]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, metal, <metal by form>, leaf (metal))
ink [300015012]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>)
parchment (animal material) [300011851]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material)
wood board [300162666]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, plant material, <wood and wood products>, wood products)
calf (leather) [300227525]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material, leather, <leather by origin>)

Dimensions: Leaf: 44.3 x 29.1 cm (17 7/16 x 11 7/16 in.)
Cultures:
French (preferred)

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Romanesque [300020768] (preferred,style)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name), <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, Medieval styles and periods, Medieval (European))

General Subject:
religion and mythology (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
Decretum Gratiani [1000920]
.....((Named written and performed works, Literature and Performing Arts)) (ICON)
canon law [300235953]
.....(Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by function>, laws (documents)) (AAT)
decrees [300026925]
.....(Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by function>, declaratory documents) (AAT)
law (discipline) [300054412]
.....(Activities Facet, Disciplines (hierarchy name), disciplines (concept), social sciences) (AAT)
Latin (language) [300388693]
.....(Associated Concepts Facet, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name), language-related concepts, <languages and writing systems>, <languages and writing systems by specific type>) (AAT)

Inscriptions: Secondary Inscription: Inscribed front pastedown, upper outer edge, in pen, "Nolitte fieri sicut ecus mullus et intellectus. J. Sassard"; upper center, in pen, "Le dixiesme Apuril 1599 ce liure a este donne a moy... par la Combe mon rentier de ... lequel cest cy sousigne. A Pollet"; below this, in another hand, in pen, "Paleae non sunt in hoc manuscripto: et ideo donatio Constantini, quae est impressis c. Constantinus Dist. 96 abest."; outer upper edge, in pencil, "Nr.8" (encircled). Inscribed back flyleaf, upper edge, in pen, "reliqua in hoc volumine nobis donato decima Aprilis 1599 desiderantur quod volumen nobis donatum fuit ab antonio Pollet combeo"; in center, "17". Inscribed back flyleaf verso, upper edge, in pen, "Fr Buccinoy ... este putes et lauds". Inscribed back pastedown, lower outer corner, in pencil, "OA158" (158 underlined). There are marginal and interlinear glosses and notes by an early (late twelfth century) reader on a number of pages.
List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Movable Works
Sources and Contributors:
Decretum........ [JPGM,VP]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Decretals........ [JPGM,VP]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Ms. Ludwig XIV 2........ [VP]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Subject: ....... [VP,JPGM]
Note:
English ..... [JPGM,VP]
..... J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
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