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ID: 700002317Record Type: Movable Work
Images: 1
Gualenghi-d'Este Hours (illuminated manuscript; Taddeo Crivelli and Guglielmo Giraldi, illuminators; around 1469; J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los A...; 83.ML.109; Ms. Ludwig IX 13)
Note: 211 folios + 6 flyleaves, 21 full-page miniatures, 4 historiated initials. Made on the occasion of the marriage of Andrea Gualengo and Orsina d'Este, married in 1469. This tiny, hand-held manuscript was the personal prayer book of Andrea Gualengo and his wife, Orsina d'Este, who was a member of the ruling family of Ferrara, where this manuscript was made. A high-ranking courtier at the Este court, Gualengo successfully negotiated an accord between the cities of Faenza and Ferrara. Probably in recognition of his diplomatic service, he was allowed to marry into the Este family. The book of hours may have been made in connection with Andrea and Orsina's wedding. The text of the manuscript comprises the standard readings found in books of hours, including the Hours of the Virgin, Penitential Psalms, the Hours of the Holy Cross, the Office for the Dead, and Suffrages, which are prayers to saints. This last section contains the majority of the twenty-one full-page miniatures in the manuscript. Two artists working at the court of Ferrara painted the illuminations. Taddeo Crivelli was responsible for the majority of the miniatures, and another important illuminator, Guglielmo Giraldi, contributed four of them. An example of the Renaissance style in northern Italy, the manuscript is rich in references to classical antiquity and employs a variety of dramatic illusionistic devices.
Titles:
Gualenghi-d'Este Hours (preferred,C,U,English-P,U,U)
Ms. Ludwig IX 13 (C,U,MD,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: volume
Work Types:
illuminated manuscript [300265483] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by conditions of production>, manuscripts (documents))
book of hours [300026457]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by function>, religious texts)
book [300028051]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), information artifacts, <information artifacts by physical form>)

Classifications:
manuscripts (preferred)

Creation Date: around 1469

Creator Display:
Taddeo Crivelli and Guglielmo Giraldi, illuminators [preferred,JPGM]
illuminator Giraldi, Guglielmo (Italian illuminator, active 1445-1489) [500000019]
illuminator Crivelli, Taddeo (Italian illuminator and painter, active 1451, died by 1479 ) [500029202]
patron Gualengo, Andrea (Italian noble, 15th century) [500354878]
patron Este, Orsina d' (Italian noble, 15th century) [500354879]
Locations:
Current: J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los Angeles county, California, United States) [500329598] J. Paul Getty Museum, J. Paul Getty Trust, Corporate Bodies (Corp. Body)
Repository Numbers: 83.ML.109; Ms. Ludwig IX 13
Other: Creation: Ferrara [7003128] Emilia-Romagna (region (administrative division)), Italy (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: Tempera colors, gold paint, gold leaf, and ink on parchment bound between wood boards covered with dark red morocco
tempera [300015062]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, water-base paint)
parchment (animal material) [300011851]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material)
gold leaf [300264831]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, metal, <metal by form>, leaf (metal))
gilt paint [300343596]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, metallic paint)
ink [300015012]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>)
wood board [300162666]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, plant material, <wood and wood products>, wood products)
morocco (leather) [300227857]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material, leather, <leather by process>, vegetable-tanned leather, vegetable-tanned goatskin)

Dimensions: Leaf: 10.8 x 7.9 cm (4 1/4 x 3 1/8 in.)
Cultures:
Italian (preferred)

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Renaissance [300021140] (preferred,style)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name), <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, <Renaissance-Baroque styles and periods>)

General Subject:
religion and mythology (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
hours (prayers) [300404017]
.....(Activities Facet, Events (hierarchy name), events (activities), <oral and performed works>, prayers (oral works)) (AAT)
prayers (documents) [300026452]
.....(Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by form>, literature (writings), <document genres for literary works>) (AAT)
Latin (language) [300388693]
.....(Associated Concepts Facet, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name), language-related concepts, <languages and writing systems>, <languages and writing systems by specific type>) (AAT)

Inscriptions: Secondary Inscription: Inscribed first flyleaf, verso, upper outside corner, in red ink, "32"; upper center, in pencil, collation; below the collation, in another hand, in pencil, "c.1470-80". On fol. 3v, in the border of the miniature, two banners inscribed with the mottoes "Ubi deus est ibi pax et amor" and "Fortis est in asperis non turbari".
List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Movable Works
Sources and Contributors:
Gualenghi-d'Este Hours........ [JPGM]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Ms. Ludwig IX 13........ [VP]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Subject: ....... [JPGM,VP]
Note:
English ..... [JPGM,VP]
..... J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
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