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ID: 700002312Record Type: Movable Work
Images: 1
New Testament (illuminated manuscript; Theoktistos, scribe; Unknown Byzantine, Illuminator; 1133; J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los A...; 83.MB.68; Ms. Ludwig II 4 )
Note: 279 folios, 4 full-page miniatures, 12 illuminated canon table pages, 4 headpieces. This Greek-language New Testament, containing the four Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, and the Epistles of Saint Paul, was made in the Byzantine monastery of Saint John the Baptist in Istanbul, then known as Constantinople. Theoktistos wrote most of the manuscript's text. An anonymous scribe also worked on the manuscript, copying out the less important parts of the text, and an unnamed illuminator produced the manuscript's painted decoration. In the lavishly illuminated codex, ornamented canon tables open the book, portraits of each of the four evangelists open their Gospels, and decorative headpieces open the major sections of the text. All of the manuscript's author portraits are painted on separate leaves of parchment, which suggests that the scribes and the illuminator did not work together closely.
Titles:
New Testament (preferred,C,U,English-P,U,U)
Ms. Ludwig II 4 (C,U,MD,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: volume
Work Types:
illuminated manuscript [300265483] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <document genres by conditions of production>, manuscripts (document genre))
Bible [300264513]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <document genres by function>, religious texts)
book [300028051]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), information artifacts, <information artifacts by physical form>)

Classifications:
manuscripts (preferred)

Creation Date: 1133

Creator Display:
Theoktistos, scribe; Unknown Byzantine, Illuminator [preferred,JPGM]
scribe Theoktistos (Byzantine illuminator and scribe, active 1133) [500031444]
illuminator unknown Byzantine (Byzantine cultural designation) [500125223]
Locations:
Current: J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los Angeles county, California, United States) [500329598] J. Paul Getty Museum, J. Paul Getty Trust, Corporate Bodies (Corp. Body)
Repository Numbers: 83.MB.68; Ms. Ludwig II 4
Other: Creation: ─░stanbul [7002473] ─░stanbul (province), Turkey (nation), Asia (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Other: Former: Deutschland [7000084] Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with olive green calf
tempera [300015062]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, water-base paint)
gold leaf [300264831]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, metal, <metal by form>, leaf (metal))
gilt paint [300343596]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, metallic paint)
ink [300015012]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>)
parchment (animal material) [300011851]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material)
pasteboard (paper) [300162474]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by form>, <materials by physical form>, <fiber and fiber products>, fiber products, paper (fiber product), <paper by form>)
calf (leather) [300227525]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material, leather, <leather by origin>)

Dimensions: Leaf: 22.1 x 18.1 cm (8 11/16 x 7 1/8 in.)
Cultures:
Byzantine (preferred)

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Byzantine [300020669] (preferred,style)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name), <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, <Early Christian-Byzantine styles| cultures| periods>)

General Subject:
religion and mythology (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
Bible, New Testament [1000254]
.....((Bible, The, Named written and performed works, Literature and Performing Arts)) (ICON)
Greek (language) [300389734]
.....(Associated Concepts Facet, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name), language-related concepts, <languages and writing systems>, <languages and writing systems by specific type>) (AAT)

Inscriptions: A scribe's inscription near the end of the manuscript declares: "This book was finished by the grace of Christ in the year 6641 [1133 A.D.]...by the hand of the sinner Theoktistos."
List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Movable Works
Sources and Contributors:
New Testament........ [JPGM]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Ms. Ludwig II 4........ [VP]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Subject: ....... [JPGM,VP]
Note:
English ..... [JPGM,VP]
..... J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
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