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ID: 700002309Record Type: Movable Work
Images: 1
Bible (illuminated manuscript; Malnazar and Aghap"ir, illuminators; Ep'rem and Baghram, scr...; 1637-1638; J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los A...; 83.MA.63; Ms. Ludwig I 14)
Note: 610 folios, 9 full-page miniatures, 6 illuminated canon table pages, 9 half-page headpieces. This Bible was written and illuminated in the Armenian quarter of Isfahan, the capital of Persia (present-day Iran) in the 1600s. The artists Malnazar and Aghap'ir lavishly decorated this book with scenes from the Old Testament, such as the Creation of the World, and portraits of the four evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. They also included a set of six elaborately decorated canon tables that help the reader to cross-reference the same story in more than one of the four Gospels. The artists framed each chart with an archway delicately adorned with fanciful animals, peacocks, roosters, plants, and, for the first canon table, a small portrait of Eusebius of Caesarea, who developed the canon tables in the 300s.
Titles:
Bible (preferred,C,U,English-P,U,U)
Ms. Ludwig I 14 (C,U,MD,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: volume
Work Types:
illuminated manuscript [300265483] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by conditions of production>, manuscripts (documents))
Bible [300264513]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by function>, religious texts)
book [300028051]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), information artifacts, <information artifacts by physical form>)

Classifications:
manuscripts (preferred)

Creation Date: 1637-1638

Creator Display:
Malnazar and Aghap"ir, illuminators; Ep'rem and Baghram, scribes [preferred,JPGM]
scribe Ep'rem (scribe, probably Armenian) [500068732]
illuminators Malnazar (Armenian illuminator, active 1637) [500007654]
illuminators Aghapír (Armenian illuminator, active 1637) [500001624]
scribe Baghram (scribe, probably Armenian, active ca. 1637-1638) [500105436]
Locations:
Current: J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles, Los Angeles county, California, United States) [500329598] J. Paul Getty Museum, J. Paul Getty Trust, Corporate Bodies (Corp. Body)
Repository Numbers: 83.MA.63; Ms. Ludwig I 14
Other: Creation: Eşfahān [7017459] Eṣfahān province (province), Iran (nation), Asia (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Address Note: formerly in Persia, now in Iran
Other: Former: Deutschland [7000084] Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: Tempera colors, gold paint, and gold leaf on parchment bound between original wood boards covered with reddish brown morocco
tempera [300015062]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, water-base paint)
gilt paint [300343596]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, metallic paint)
gold leaf [300264831]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, metal, <metal by form>, leaf (metal))
parchment (animal material) [300011851]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material)
wood board [300162666]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by origin>, biological material, plant material, <wood and wood by product>, <wood by product>)
morocco (leather) [300227857]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (substances), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material, leather, <leather by process>, vegetable-tanned leather, vegetable-tanned goatskin)

Dimensions: Leaf: 25.2 x 18.3 cm (9 15/16 x 7 3/16 in.)
Cultures:
Armenian (preferred)

General Subject:
religion and mythology (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
Bible [1000874]
.....((Named written and performed works, Literature and Performing Arts)) (ICON)
Armenian (language) [300387870]
.....(Associated Concepts Facet, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name), language-related concepts, <languages and writing systems>, <languages and writing systems by specific type>) (AAT)

Inscriptions: Secondary Inscription: There are 34 colophons distributed throughout the text (the first on fol. 49v, the last on fol. 616-617). They mention the scribes, the illuminators, the family that commissioned the work and the location and date of its execution (see translations in von Euw/Plotzek, vol I, 125-130). Fol. 618v inscribed with various numbers, in pencil.
List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Movable Works
Sources and Contributors:
Bible........ [JPGM]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Ms. Ludwig I 14........ [VP]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Subject: ....... [VP,JPGM]
Note:
English ..... [JPGM,VP]
..... J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
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