The Getty Research Institute
Research Home Tools Cutural Objects Names Authority Full Record Display
Cultural Objects Names Authority  Cultural Objects Names Authority® Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help
ID: 700002307Record Type: Movable Work
Images: 1
Marquette Bible, 3 vols. (illuminated manuscript; Unknown Franco-Flemish (Franco-Flemish Illuminator); about 1270; J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles, Los Angeles county, Calif...; 83.MA.57; Ms. Ludwig I 8)
Note: 3 volumes, 273 folios + 24 flyleaves, 45 historiated initials. Monks or nuns probably read aloud from this large Bible at mealtimes in the refectory of a monastery. A team of lay artisans practicing their craft in the thriving commercial cities of the French-Flemish border region wrote and illuminated the book around 1270. From the surviving portions of this manuscript, it is evident that at least six different artists worked on the initials alone; scholars presume that the team of illuminators responsible for the original seven-volume Bible was even larger. The manuscript's large scale allowed the assembled monks or nuns to appreciate from afar the richness of its decorative scheme. Historiated initials, the usual form of decoration for thirteenth-century bibles, appear at the beginning of each biblical book, and a few fanciful vignettes decorate the margins. The burnished gold backgrounds, dragon motifs, and spiraling tendrils of leaves are characteristic features of northern French Gothic illumination. In the 1400s, the Bible belonged to the Cistercian convent at Marquette in northeastern France. An inscription in the manuscript in a later hand reports that Philip, Duke of Burgundy, a member of the most influential family of art patrons in late medieval France and Flanders, gave the manuscript to the nuns.
Titles:
Marquette Bible, 3 vols. (preferred,C,U,English-P,U,U)
Ms. Ludwig I 8 (C,U,MD,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: volume
Work Types:
illuminated manuscript [300265483] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by conditions of production>, manuscripts (documents))
Bible [300264513]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), document genres, <documents by function>, religious texts)
book [300028051]
..... (Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name), Information Forms (hierarchy name), information forms (objects), information artifacts, <information artifacts by physical form>)

Classifications:
manuscripts (preferred)

Creation Date: about 1270

Creator Display:
Unknown Franco-Flemish (Franco-Flemish Illuminator) [preferred,JPGM]
unknown Franco-Flemish (Franco-Flemish cultural designation) [500125234]
Locations:
Other: Creation: Lille [7008461] Nord-Pas-de-Calais (region (administrative division)), France (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Current: J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles, Los Angeles county, California, United States) [500115988] J. Paul Getty Trust, Corporate Bodies (Corp. Body)
Repository Numbers: 83.MA.57; Ms. Ludwig I 8
Display Materials: Tempera colors, black ink, and gold leaf on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with reddish brown pigskin
tempera [300015062]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>, paint (coating), <paint by composition or origin>, water-base paint)
ink [300015012]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, coating (material), <coating by form>)
gold leaf [300264831]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, metal, <metal by form>, leaf (metal))
parchment (animal material) [300011851]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, processed animal material)
pasteboard (paper) [300162474]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by form>, <materials by physical form>, <fiber and fiber products>, fiber products, paper (fiber product), <paper by form>)
pigskin [300011849]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, animal material, collagenous material, skin (collagenous material))

Dimensions: Various, see item-level records
Cultures:
Franco-Flemish (preferred)

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Gothic (Medieval) [300020775] (preferred,style)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name), <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, Medieval styles and periods, Medieval (European))

General Subject:
religion and mythology (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
Bible [1000874]
.....((Named written and performed works, Literature and Performing Arts)) (ICON)
Latin (language) [300388693]
.....(Associated Concepts Facet, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name), language-related concepts, <languages and writing systems>, <languages and writing systems by specific type>) (AAT)

Inscriptions: Secondary Inscription: Volume 1: Inscribed inside front cover, on pastedown, two inscriptions by Sydney Cockerell detailing provenance; inscribed first flyleaf, lengthy inscription by Sydney Cockerell detailing provenance and relation to Mss. 1-4 in Lille; upper right corner, "Sydney C. Cockerell, Richmond, Surrey, Dec 7 1906"; inscribed fol. 57, in a fifteenth-century hand, "Iste liber pertinet ecclesie beate marie de marquetta iuxta insulam diocesis tornacensis"; inscribed fol. 99, in a fifteenth-century hand (same as on fol. 57), "Iste liber pertinet monasterio ecclesie beate marie de Marquetta iuxta insular tornacensis diocesis"; inner back cover, lower left corner, inscribed by Cockerell, "Bound by Katherine Adams at Broadway, Worcestershire". Volume 2: Inscribed second flyleaf, upper right hand corner, "Sydney C. Cockerell, Richmond, Surrey, Dec. 7 1906." Volume 3: Inscribed first flyleaf, upper right hand corner, "Sydney C. Cockerell, Richmond, Surrey, Dec. 7 1906."; fol. 273
Marks: Label: Volume 1: Piece of paper pasted in center of inner cover, inscribed "Wm Morris, Kelmscott House, Upper Mall, Hammersmith, London."; Piece of paper pasted on inner back cover, above Hodson book
List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Movable Works
Sources and Contributors:
Marquette Bible, 3 vols......... [JPGM]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Ms. Ludwig I 8........ [VP]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
Subject: ....... [JPGM,VP]
Note:
English ..... [JPGM,VP]
..... J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
New Search

Back to Top
The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust