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ID: 700001912Record Type: Built Work
Bastille (bastide; unknown architect, by order of Charles V, King of France; begun in 1370, with additions ...)
Note: Medieval fortress that dominated the Paris skyline for generations. It became a French state prison and a place of detention for important persons charged with various offenses in the 17th and 18th centuries. Although only seven prisoners were confined in the building at the time, it was stormed by an armed mob of Parisians in the opening days of the French Revolution in 1789, serving as a symbol of the despotism of the ruling Bourbon monarchy and held an important place in the ideology of the Revolution. It was later demolished by order of the Revolutionary government; only bits of the stone foundation remain today.
Titles:
Bastille (preferred,C,U,undetermined,U,U)
Bastille Saint-Antoine (C,U,OR,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: item
Work Types:
bastide [300008449] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Settlements and Landscapes, inhabited places, <settlements by function>, <settlements by function: military>)
prison (building) [300006460]
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, institutional buildings, correctional institutions (buildings))
fortress [300006894]
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, fortifications)

Classifications:
architecture (preferred)

Creation Date: begun in 1370, with additions through the 17th century; demolished in late 18th century

Creator Display:
unknown architect, by order of Charles V, King of France [preferred,VP]
architect unknown (unknown cultural designation) [500125274]
patron Charles V, King of France (French monarch, 1338-1380) [500280663]
Locations:
Paris [7008038] Île-de-France (region (administrative division)), France (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: stone
stone (worked rock) [300011176]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, rock, <rock by form>)

Dimensions: eight towers, 100 feet (30 meters) high, linked by walls of equal height and surrounded by a moat more than 80 feet (24 meters) wide
General Subject:
architecture (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
imprisonment [300137572]
.....(Activities Facet, Functions (Facet), functions (activities), <functions by specific context>, legal functions) (AAT)

List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Built Work
Sources and Contributors:
Bastille........ [GRISC,VP]
........ Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 31 August 2012
........ Sobou and Forrest, French Revolution (1989)
........ GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (2012-)
........ Grove Art Online (2008-)
Bastille Saint-Antoine........ [VP]
........ Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Subject: ....... [VP,GRISC]
Note:
English ..... [VP]
..... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 31 August 2012
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