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ID: 700000350Record Type: Built Work
Château de Versailles (palace; various architects, under Louis XIII and Louis XVI; begun 1631, enlarged 1643-1715...)
Note: Former royal residence and center of French government; now a national landmark. The original residence was built from 1631 to 1634, as a hunting lodge and private retreat for Louis XIII (reigned 1610-1643) and his family. Under the guidance of Louis XIV (1643-1715), it was transformed (1661-1710) into an immense and extravagant complex surrounded by stylized English and French gardens. Restored by Louis-Philippe (1830-1848). Large palace includes 2143 windows, 1252 fireplaces, and 67 staircases, and gardens with 1400 fountains, using water pumped up from the Seine; the length of the garden front is 670 meters.
Titles:
Château de Versailles (preferred,C,U,PB,French-P,U,U,English-P,L,U)
Palace of Versailles (C,U,DE,English,U,U)
Versailles Palace (C,U,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: item
Work Types:
palace [300005734] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, residential structures, dwellings, houses, <houses by occupants>, official residences)
royal residence [300343603]
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, residential structures, dwellings, houses, <houses by occupants>, official residences)

Classifications:
architecture (preferred)

Creation Date: begun 1631, enlarged 1643-1715

Creator Display:
various architects, under Louis XIII and Louis XVI [preferred,VP]
architect Le Brun, Charles (French designer, painter, and draftsman, 1619-1690) [500016215]
architect Gabriel, Ange-Jacques (French architect, 1698-1782) [500021492]
architect Le Nôtre, André (French garden designer and collector, 1613-1700) [500027785]
architect Le Vau, Louis (French architect, 1612-1670) [500028093]
architect Cotte, Robert de (French architect, 1656-1735) [500028649]
architect Mansart, Jules Hardouin (French architect and garden designer, 1646-1708) [500029668]
patron Louis XIII, King of France (French king, patron, and collector, 1601-1643) [500059708]
patron Louis XVI, King of France (French ruler, patron, and collector, 1754-1793) [500122357]
Locations:
Versailles [7008070] Yvelines (department), Île-de-France (region (administrative division)), France (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: cut stone, bearing masonry
stone (worked rock) [300011176]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, rock, <rock by form>)
bearing walls [300002557]
.......(Objects Facet, Components (Hierarchy Name), components (objects), <components by specific context>, architectural elements, <structural elements and structural element components>, structural elements, enclosing structural elements, <walls and wall components>, walls, <walls by function>)

Dimensions: not available
General Subject:
architecture (preferred )

List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Built Work
Sources and Contributors:
Château de Versailles........ [GRISC,VP]
........ Grove Art Online (2008-)
........ Great Buildings Online (1997-)
........ GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (2012-)
Palace of Versailles........ [VP]
........ Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Versailles Palace........ [VP]
........ Great Buildings Online (1997-)
Subject: ....... [GRISC,VP]
Note:
English ..... [VP]
..... Great Buildings Online (1997-)
..... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 24 October 2012
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The J. Paul Getty Trust