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ID: 700000214Record Type: Built Work
Images: 1
Taj Mahal (mausoleum; patron: Shah Jahan (Mogul emperor, born ca. 1592); principal...; construction began 1632; princ...; Āgra (Uttar Pradesh, Bhārat, Asia, World, Top of the T...)
Note: Built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The base structure is essentially a large, multi-chambered cube with chamfered corners, forming an unequal octagon. Four minarets frame the tomb, one at each corner of the plinth facing the chamfered corners. The main chamber houses the false sarcophagi of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan; the actual graves are at a lower level. Specific design credit is uncertain, and is given by different sources to Istad Usa, Ustad Ahmad Lahori, Isa Muhammad Effendi, or Geronimo Veroneo.
Titles:
Taj Mahal (preferred,C,U,English,U,U,Italian,U,U,French,U,U,German,U,U)
Taj Majal (C,U,undetermined,U,U)
Tâj Mahal (C,U,undetermined,U,U)
ताज महल (C,U,Hindi,U,U)
تاج محل (C,U,Urdu,U,U)
Tach Mahal (C,U,undetermined,U,U)
Tâdj-Mahal (C,U,undetermined,U,U)
Tadsch Mahal (C,U,German,U,U)
Τατζ Μαχάλ (C,U,Greek,U,U)
泰姬陵 (C,U,Chinese,U,U)
Catalog Level: item
Work Types:
mausoleum [300005891] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, ceremonial structures, funerary structures, funerary buildings, sepulchral buildings)

Classifications:
architecture (preferred)

Creation Date: construction began 1632; principal mausoleum was completed in 1648

Creator Display:
patron: Shah Jahan (Mogul emperor, born ca. 1592); principal designer: Ustad Ahmad Lahauri (Persian architect, 17th century), with Abd ul-Karim Ma'mur Khan, Makramat Khan, and others [preferred,VP]
patron Shahjahan, Emperor of India (Mughal emperor, born ca. 1592) [500245103]
executive architect Lahauri, Ustad Ahmad (Indian architect, ca.1580-1649) [500353619]
Locations:
Current: Āgra [7001493] Uttar Pradesh (state), India (nation), Asia (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: marble; bearing masonry, inlaid marble
marble (rock) [300011443]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, rock, metamorphic rock)
bearing walls [300002557]
.......(Objects Facet, Components (Hierarchy Name), components (objects), <components by specific context>, architectural elements, <structural elements and structural element components>, structural elements, enclosing structural elements, <walls and wall components>, walls, <walls by function>)
facing: masonry [300262647]
.......(Activities Facet, Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name), <processes and techniques (processes and techniques)>, <processes and techniques by specific type>, <additive and joining processes and techniques>, <surface covering processes and techniques>, facing (process))

Dimensions: mausoleum is 57 m (190 feet) square in plan; central inner dome is 24.5 m (81 feet) high and 17.7 m (58 feet) in diameter, but is surmounted by an outer shell nearly 61 m (200 feet) in height
Cultures:
Islamic Indian (preferred)

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Mughal [300018939] (preferred,N/A)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods, <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, Asian, South Asian, Indian (South Asian), <Indian styles and periods>, <Islamic Indian styles and periods>)

General Subject:
architecture (preferred )
funerary art

Specific Subjects:
Mumtāz Mahal (Indian queen, 1593-1631) [500353695]
.....(Non-Artists) (ULAN)
Jahan, Shah, Emperor of India (Mughal emperor, born ca. 1592) [500245103]
.....(Non-Artists) (ULAN)

List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Built Work
Sources and Contributors:
Taj Mahal........ [VP]
........ Harle, Art and Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent (1986)
........ Brown, Indian Architecture (1956)
........ Great Buildings Online (1997-)
........ Grove Art Online (2008-)
........ Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Taj Majal........ [VP]
........ Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
........ Harle, Art and Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent (1986)
Tâj Mahal........ [VP]
........ Nou, et al. Tâj Mahal (1998)
ताज महल........ [VP]
........ Essential Architecture online (2001-)
تاج محل........ [VP]
........ Akasha, Encyclopedic Dictionary of Cultural Terms (1990)
Tach Mahal........ [VP]
........ Machado, La revolución de la inteligencia (1978)
Tâdj-Mahal........ [VP]
........ Le Bon, La civilisation des Arabes (1884) Figure 84: Le Tâdj Mahal à Agra
Tadsch Mahal........ [VP]
........ Gööck, Alle Wunder dieser Welt (1968)
Τατζ Μαχάλ........ [VP]
........ Structurae online (2010-)
泰姬陵........ [VP]
........ Beam, Taj Mahal in India (2010)
Subject: ....... [VP]
Note:
English ..... [VP]
..... Harle, Art and Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent (1986)
..... Great Buildings Online (1997-)
..... Fletcher, History of Architecture (1996)
..... Brown, Indian Architecture (1956)
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