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ID: 700000203Record Type: Movable Work
Berlin Golden Hat (ceremonial object; unknown German, Late Bronze Age; Late Bronze Age; Museum of Prehistory and Early History (Berlin, Berlin state...; IIc 6068)
Note: Ceremonial object comprising a long, slender conical form with a broad convex foot, resembling a tall, flat-brimmed hat. Its composition is very similar to the previously known Golden Cone of Ezelsdorf-Buch. It was possibly an external covering on a tall, conical, brimmed headdress. It was made of one very thin, seamless piece of gold alloy (up to 90% gold), having circular embossed ornaments applied with 17 small stamps and wheels. The ornamentation has been interpreted as a calendar that permitted the calculation of dates or periods in both lunar and solar calendars, which could be used to predict lunar eclipses. It is one of four known Central European conical golden cones or hat-like objects dating to the Bronze Age; two of the others were found in southern Germany, and one was found in western France.
Titles:
Berlin Golden Hat (preferred,C,U,English-P,U,U)
Berlin Gold Hat (C,U,English,U,U)
Goldener Zeremonialhut ("Berliner Goldhut") (C,U,RP,German-P,U,U)
Goldener Zeremonialhut (C,U,German,U,U)
Berliner Goldhut (C,U,PO,German,U,U)
Catalog Level: item
Work Types:
ceremonial object [300234117] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Object Genres (Hierarchy Name), object genres (object classifications), <object genres by function>)
hat [300046106]
..... (Objects Facet, Furnishings and Equipment (Hierarchy Name), Costume (Hierarchy Name), costume (mode of fashion), costume accessories, costume accessories worn, accessories worn on the head, headgear)

Classifications:
costume / clothing (preferred)
ceremonial

Creation Date: Late Bronze Age

Creator Display:
unknown German, Late Bronze Age [preferred,VP]
creator unknown Ancient German (Ancient German cultural designation) [500202839]
Locations:
Current: Museum of Prehistory and Early History (Berlin, Berlin state, Germany) [500125820] National Museums in Berlin, Corporate Bodies (Corp. Body)
Repository Numbers: IIc 6068
Display Materials: embossed and stamped gold with bronze support on brim
gold (metal) [300011021]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, metal, <metal by composition or origin>, nonferrous metal, <gold and gold alloy>)
bronze (metal) [300010957]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, metal, <metal by composition or origin>, nonferrous metal, <copper and copper alloy>, copper alloy)
embossing (technique) [300053826]
.......(Activities Facet, Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name), <processes and techniques (processes and techniques)>, <processes and techniques by specific type>, <surface marking processes and techniques>)
stamping (marking) [300239001]
.......(Activities Facet, Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name), <processes and techniques (processes and techniques)>, <processes and techniques by specific type>, <surface marking processes and techniques>)

Dimensions: 74 x 31 cm
Cultures:
German (preferred)
Ancient German

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Late Bronze Age [300019278] (preferred,N/A)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods, <styles| periods| and cultures by general era>, three-age system, Bronze Age)
Hallstatt (Bronze Age period and culture) [300019368] (N/A)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods, <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, Early Western World, <ancient European styles and periods>, <European Bronze Age styles and periods>)

General Subject:
ceremonial object (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
calendar [300026741]
.....(Objects Facet, Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name), Information Forms (Hierarchy Name), information forms (objects), document genres, <document genres by form>) (AAT)
ceremonial costume [300210387]
.....(Objects Facet, Furnishings and Equipment (Hierarchy Name), Costume (Hierarchy Name), costume (mode of fashion), <costume by function>) (AAT)
hat [300046106]
.....(Objects Facet, Furnishings and Equipment (Hierarchy Name), Costume (Hierarchy Name), costume (mode of fashion), costume accessories, costume accessories worn, accessories worn on the head, headgear) (AAT)
astronomy [300054534]
.....(Activities Facet, Disciplines (facet), disciplines, <science and related disciplines>, science, natural sciences, physical sciences) (AAT)

Provenance: Purchased by the museum in 1996.
List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Movable Work
Additional Notes:
German ..... Bronzezeitlicher Zeremonialhut („Berliner Goldhut“), gefertigt aus einem Stück nahtlos getriebenem Goldblech und mit Kreisornamenten in Repousse-Technik verziert. Kalotte kegelförmig überhöht und mit breiter umlaufender Krempe. Krempe und Kalotte durch flaches Bronzeband verstärkt. An der Krempe außen tordierter Bronzedraht. Die Anordnung der Ornamentik auf Kalotte und Krempe des Zeremonialhutes wird als Darstellung eines Kalendersystems gedeutet, mit dem sich die Verschiebungen zwischen Sonnen- und Mondjahr berechnen und Mondfinsternisse voraussagen lassen
Sources and Contributors:
Berlin Golden Hat........ [VP]
........ European Virtual Museum (2000-)
........ Bauwman, Surface Enrichment in Alloys (1978)
........ Haughton, History's Mysteries (2010)
Berlin Gold Hat........ [VP]
........ Menghin, Berlin Gold Hat (2000) title
Goldener Zeremonialhut ("Berliner Goldhut")........ [SMB,VP]
........ Staatliche Museen zu Berlin database (2000-) http://www.smb.museum/smb/sammlungen/details.php?objID=15&n=0&r=0&p=24
Goldener Zeremonialhut........ [SMB,VP]
........ Staatliche Museen zu Berlin database (2000-)
Berliner Goldhut........ [SMB,VP]
........ Staatliche Museen zu Berlin database (2000-)
Subject: ....... [VP,SMB]
....................... Menghin, Berlin Gold Hat (2000)
....................... Staatliche Museen zu Berlin database (2000-) http://www.smb.museum/smb/sammlungen/details.php?objID=15&n=0&r=0&p=24
Note:
English ..... [VP]
..... European Virtual Museum (2000-)
..... Staatliche Museen zu Berlin database (2000-)
German ..... [SMB,VP]
..... Staatliche Museen zu Berlin database (2000-)
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