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ID: 700000174Record Type: Built Work
Great Enclosure (ruins; unknown Shona (African); built between 1270 and 1450)
Note: One of the three stone-wall enclosures at Great Zimbabwe; it is the largest ancient structure in sub-Saharan Africa.
Titles:
Great Enclosure (preferred,C,U,English,U,U)
Catalog Level: component
Work Types:
ruins [300008057] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by condition>)
complex (buildings ) [300000202]
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Built Complexes and Districts)

Classifications:
architecture (preferred)
African art

Creation Date: built between 1270 and 1450

Creator Display:
unknown Shona (African) [preferred,VP]
architects unknown Shona (Shona cultural designation) [500204241]
Locations:
Great Zimbabwe [6002348] Great Zimbabwe Ruins National Park (national park), Masvingo (province), Zimbabwe (nation), Africa (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: mortarless stone construction and ruined daga (earthen and mud-brick) buildings
stone (worked rock) [300011176]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, rock, <rock by form>)
daga [300014356]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, combination inorganic/organic material, soil, <soil by form or function>)
mortarless construction [300374945]
.......(Activities Facet, Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name), <processes and techniques (processes and techniques)>, <processes and techniques by specific type>, <additive and joining processes and techniques>, assembling (additive and joining process), construction (assembling), <construction by form>)

Dimensions: outer wall: around 250 m (820 feet) in circumference; maximum height: 11 m (36 feet)
General Subject:
architecture (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
dwelling [300005425]
.....(Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, residential structures) (AAT)

List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Built Work
Sources and Contributors:
Great Enclosure........ [VP]
........ Bahn, One Hundred Great Archaeological Discoveries (1995)
........ Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Subject: ....... [VP]
Note:
English ..... [VP]
..... Bahn, One Hundred Great Archaeological Discoveries (1995) 46 ff.
..... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Great Zimbabwe," accessed 24 February 2006
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