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ID: 700000170Record Type: Built Work
Images: 1 2
Chartres Cathedral (cathedral (building); unknown French ; construction was begun in 1194...)
Note: Noted for innovations in architectural construction and large number of sculptures and stained glass windows. The present cathedral was constructed on the foundations of the earlier church; the oldest parts of the cathedral are the crypt and Royal Portal (West Portal), remnants of a Romanesque church destroyed by fire in 1194.
Titles:
Chartres Cathedral (preferred,C,U,English-P,U,U)
Cathedral of Notre-Dame (C,U,undetermined,U,U)
Notre-Dame de Chartres (C,U,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: item
Work Types:
cathedral (building) [300007501] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, ceremonial structures, religious structures, religious buildings, churches (buildings), <church buildings by location or context>)
basilica [300170443]
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by form>, <single built works by form: massing or shape>)

Classifications:
architecture (preferred)
European art

Creation Date: construction was begun in 1194, consecrated in 1260; parts of earlier Romanesque building remain

Creator Display:
unknown French [preferred,VP]
architects unknown French (French cultural designation) [500125235]
Locations:
Chartres [7008267] Eure-et-Loir (department), Centre region (region (administrative division)), France (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: bearing masonry construction, limestone
limestone [300011286]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, rock, sedimentary rock, <sedimentary rock by composition>, carbonate rock)
masonry (building materials) [300015332]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, building materials, <masonry and masonry units>)
bearing walls [300002557]
.......(Objects Facet, Components (Hierarchy Name), components (objects), <components by specific context>, architectural elements, <structural elements and structural element components>, structural elements, enclosing structural elements, <walls and wall components>, walls, <walls by function>)

Dimensions: height: 34 m (112 feet); length: 130 m (427 feet)
Cultures:
European (preferred)
French

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Gothic (Medieval) [300020775] (preferred,N/A)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods, <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, <European styles and periods>, <Medieval styles and periods>, Medieval)

General Subject:
architecture (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
Blessed Virgin Mary [1000032]
.....((Christian Saints, Christian iconography, Religion/Mythology)) (ICON)
pilgrimage church (building) [300007493]
.....(Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, ceremonial structures, religious structures, religious buildings, churches (buildings), <church buildings by function>) (AAT)
cathedral (building) [300007501]
.....(Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, ceremonial structures, religious structures, religious buildings, churches (buildings), <church buildings by location or context>) (AAT)
worship [300056005]
.....(Associated Concepts Facet, Associated Concepts, <religions and religious concepts>, religious concepts) (AAT)

List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Built Work
Sources and Contributors:
Chartres Cathedral........ [VP]
........ CDWA online (1995-) accessed 26 January 2011
........ Fletcher, History of Architecture (1996)
Cathedral of Notre-Dame........ [VP]
........ CDWA online (1995-) accessed 26 January 2011
........ National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. [online] (2001-)
Notre-Dame de Chartres........ [VP]
........ Grove Art Online (2008-)
........ CDWA online (1995-) accessed 26 January 2011
Subject: ....... [VP]
Note:
English ..... [VP]
..... Fletcher, History of Architecture (1987) 394 ff.
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