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ID: 700000166Record Type: Built Work
Saint Peter's Basilica (church (building); principal architects: Donato Bramante, Giacomo della Porta, ...; second church on the site; gro...)
Note: Papal church located within Vatican City. In Roman Catholic tradition, the basilica is the burial site of Saint Peter, apostle and first Bishop of Rome, beginning the line of the papal succession. While it is neither the mother church of the Roman Catholic Church nor the cathedral of the Bishop of Rome (Pope), Saint Peter's is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic sites. It replaces an earlier basilica constructed under Constantine the Great. It is constructed on the site where at the beginning of the first century the gardens of Agrippina lay. Her son, Caius Caligula, built a circus there, in the spina of which he erected the celebrated obelisk without hieroglyphics which was brought from Heliopolis and now stands in the Piazza di S. Pietro.
Titles:
Saint Peter's Basilica (preferred,C,U,English-P,U,U)
New St. Peter's (C,U,English,U,U)
Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano (C,U,Italian-P,U,U)
Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano (C,U,Italian,U,U)
Basilica Sancti Petri (C,U,Latin-P,U,U)
Catalog Level: item
Work Types:
church (building) [300007466] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, ceremonial structures, religious structures, religious buildings)
basilica [300170443]
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by form>, <single built works by form: massing or shape>)

Classifications:
architecture (preferred)
European art

Creation Date: second church on the site; groundbreaking 1506, constructed 1546 to 1564 and 1590, consecrated in 1626

Creator Display:
principal architects: Donato Bramante, Giacomo della Porta, Michelangelo, Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola, Carlo Maderno, and Gian Lorenzo Bernini [preferred,VP]
architect Maderno, Carlo (Italian architect, born 1555-1556, died 1629) [500007668]
architect Buonarroti, Michelangelo (Italian sculptor, painter, and architect, 1475-1564) [500010654]
architect Sangallo, Antonio da, the younger (Italian architect and military engineer, 1484-1546) [500017734]
architect Bramante, Donato (Italian architect and painter, 1444-1514) [500019098]
architect Vignola, Jacopo da (Italian architect, painter, and theorist, 1507-1573) [500024808]
architect Porta, Giacomo della (Italian architect and sculptor, born 1532 or 1533, died 1602 or 1604 ) [500025366]
architect Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (Italian sculptor and draftsman, 1598-1680) [500032022]
patron Julius II, Pope (Italian pope, 1443-1513) [500281862]
Locations:
Roma [7000874] Roma province (province), Lazio (region (administrative division)), Italy (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Address Note: 41°54′8″N 12°27′12″E
Santa Sede [7001168] Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: bearing masonry; marble, stone, wood, brick
masonry (building materials) [300015332]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, building materials, <masonry and masonry units>)
marble (rock) [300011443]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, rock, metamorphic rock)
stone (worked rock) [300011176]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, rock, <rock by form>)
brick (clay product) [300010463]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, clay, clay products)
wood (plant material) [300011914]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, plant material, <wood and wood products>)
bearing walls [300002557]
.......(Objects Facet, Components (Hierarchy Name), components (objects), <components by specific context>, architectural elements, <structural elements and components for structural elements>, structural elements, enclosing structural elements, <walls and wall components>, walls, <walls by function>)

Dimensions: length 730 feet (220 m); width 500 feet (150 m); height of dome above street level: 452 feet (138 m)
Cultures:
(preferred)

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Late Renaissance [300021143] (preferred,N/A)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods, <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, <European styles and periods>, <Renaissance-Baroque styles and periods>, Renaissance)
Baroque [300021147] (N/A)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods, <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, <European styles and periods>, <Renaissance-Baroque styles and periods>)

General Subject:
architecture (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
Peter, Saint [1000056]
.....((Christian Saints, Christian iconography, Religion/Mythology)) (ICON)
papal [300025773]
.....(Agents Facet, People, people (agents), <people by occupation>, people in the humanities, <people in religion and related occupations>, people in religion, clergy, Christian clergy, prelates) (AAT)
pilgrimage center [300008459]
.....(Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Built Complexes and Districts, complexes (buildings), <complexes by function>, sites (locations)) (AAT)

List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Built Work
Sources and Contributors:
Saint Peter's Basilica........ [VP]
........ Fletcher, History of Architecture (1975)
........ CDWA online (1995-)
........ New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
New St. Peter's........ [VP]
........ New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano........ [VP]
........ New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano........ [GRISC,VP]
........ GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (2012-)
Basilica Sancti Petri........ [VP]
........ New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
Subject: ....... [VP,GRISC]
....................... Fletcher, History of Architecture (1975)
....................... Great Buildings Online (1997-)
....................... Catholic Encyclopedia [online], republished from 1913 edition (2003-)
Note:
English ..... [VP]
..... New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
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