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ID: 700000166Record Type: Built Work
Images: 1
Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano (church (building); principal architects: Donato Bramante, Giacomo della Porta, ...; second church on the site; gro...)
Note: Papal church located within Vatican City. In Roman Catholic tradition, the basilica is the burial site of Saint Peter, apostle and first Bishop of Rome, beginning the line of the papal succession. While it is neither the mother church of the Roman Catholic Church nor the cathedral of the Bishop of Rome (Pope), Saint Peter's is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic sites. It replaces an earlier basilica constructed under Constantine the Great. The basilica is cruciform in shape, with an elongated nave in the Latin cross form but the early designs were for a centrally planned structure and this is still in evidence in the architecture. It is constructed on the site where at the beginning of the first century the gardens of Agrippina lay. Her son, Caius Caligula, built a circus there, in the spina of which he erected the celebrated obelisk without hieroglyphics which was brought from Heliopolis and now stands in the Piazza di S. Pietro.
Titles:
Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano (preferred,C,U,LC,Italian-P,U,U)
Saint Peter's Basilica (C,U,D,English-P,U,U)
S. Pietro in Vaticano (C,U,BT,Italian,U,U)
Petersdom (C,U,German,U,U)
Peterskirche (C,U,German,U,U)
Sankt Peter im Vatikan (C,U,German,U,U)
New St. Peter's (C,U,English,U,U)
Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano (C,U,Italian,U,U)
Basilica Sancti Petri (C,U,Latin-P,U,U)
Sanctus Petrus (C,U,OR,Latin,U,U)
Saint Peter’s Cathedral (C,U,English,U,U)
Basilique de Saint-Pierre (C,U,French,U,U)
St. Peter’s (C,U,undetermined,U,U)
Basilica vaticana (C,U,Italian,U,U)
Basílica de San Pedro (C,U,Spanish,U,U)
Basílica papal de San Pedro (C,U,Spanish,U,U)
Βασιλική του Αγίου Πέτρου (C,U,Greek,U,U)
聖伯多祿大殿 (C,U,Chinese,U,U)
كاتدرائية القديس بطرس (C,U,Arabic,U,U)
Catalog Level: item
Work Types:
church (building) [300007466] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, ceremonial structures, religious structures, religious buildings)
basilica [300170443]
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by form>, <single built works by form: massing or shape>)

Classifications:
architecture (preferred)
European art

Creation Date: second church on the site; groundbreaking 1506, constructed 1546 to 1564 and 1590, consecrated in 1626

Creator Display:
principal architects: Donato Bramante, Giacomo della Porta, Michelangelo, Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola, Carlo Maderno, and Gian Lorenzo Bernini [preferred,VP]
architect Maderno, Carlo (Italian architect, born 1555-1556, died 1629) [500007668]
architect Buonarroti, Michelangelo (Italian sculptor, painter, and architect, 1475-1564) [500010654]
architect Sangallo, Antonio da, the younger (Italian architect and military engineer, 1484-1546) [500017734]
architect Bramante, Donato (Italian architect and painter, 1444-1514) [500019098]
architect Vignola, Jacopo da (Italian architect, painter, and theorist, 1507-1573) [500024808]
architect Porta, Giacomo della (Italian architect and sculptor, born 1532 or 1533, died 1602 or 1604 ) [500025366]
architect Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (Italian sculptor and draftsman, 1598-1680) [500032022]
patron Julius II, Pope (Italian pope, 1443-1513) [500281862]
Locations:
Roma [7000874] Roma province (province), Lazio (region (administrative division)), Italy (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Address Note: 41°54′8″N 12°27′12″E
Santa Sede [7001168] Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: bearing masonry; marble, stone, wood, brick; cruciform in shape, with an elongated nave in the Latin cross form
masonry (building materials) [300015332]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, building materials, <masonry and masonry units>)
marble (rock) [300011443]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, rock, metamorphic rock)
stone (worked rock) [300011176]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, rock, <rock by form>)
brick (clay product) [300010463]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, clay, clay products)
wood (plant material) [300011914]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by origin>, biological material, plant material, <wood and wood products>)
bearing walls [300002557]
.......(Objects Facet, Components (Hierarchy Name), components (objects), <components by specific context>, architectural elements, <structural elements and components for structural elements>, structural elements, enclosing structural elements, <walls and wall components>, walls, <walls by function>)
Latin cross plan [300121984]
.......(Physical Attributes Facet, Attributes and Properties, <attributes and properties>, <attributes and properties by specific type>, form attributes, <form attributes: architecture>, building plan attributes)

Dimensions: length 730 feet (220 m); width 500 feet (150 m); height of dome above street level: 452 feet (138 m)
Events:
inauguration: consecrated in 1626

Cultures:
(preferred)

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Renaissance [300021140] (preferred,N/A)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods, <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, <European styles and periods>, <Renaissance-Baroque styles and periods>)
Baroque [300021147] (N/A)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods, <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, <European styles and periods>, <Renaissance-Baroque styles and periods>)

General Subject:
architecture (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
Peter, Saint [1000056]
.....((Christian Saints, Christian iconography, Religion/Mythology)) (ICON)
papal [300025773]
.....(Agents Facet, People, people (agents), <people by occupation>, people in the humanities, <people in religion and related occupations>, people in religion, clergy, Christian clergy, prelates) (AAT)
pilgrimage center [300008459]
.....(Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Built Complexes and Districts, complexes (buildings), <complexes by function>, sites (locations)) (AAT)

Outside Iconography:
Code: n 99834177 Term: Peter, Saint
.....Source: LC Subject Authority Headings [online] (2002-)
Code: 11H(Peter) Term: St. Peter
.....Source: Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) .....Source: Iconclass 2100 Browser (2009-)

Inscriptions: inscribed below the cornice in a frieze 1 m (3.3 feet) in height: IN HONOREM PRINCIPIS APOST PAVLVS V BVRGHESIVS ROMANVS PONT MAX AN MDCXII PONT VII [in honor of the Prince of Apostles, Paul V Borghese, a Roman, Supreme Pontiff, in the year 1612, the 7th of his pontificate]
Related Works:
replaced .... Old Saint Peter's Basilica [700002014]
..........(cathedral (building); unknown architect; commissioned by Constantine I; constructed in 4th century, razed in 16th century)

List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Built Work
............... Vatican Complex
Sources and Contributors:
Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano........ [VP,GCI,GRISC]
........ Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 81013646
........ Fletcher, History of Architecture (1996)
........ GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (2012-)
........ Fletcher, History of Architecture (1975) 327 ff.; 821 ff.
........ AATA database (1995-)
Saint Peter's Basilica........ [VP]
........ Fletcher, History of Architecture (1975)
........ Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1986) 499-500, 571-575
........ New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
........ CDWA online (1995-)
........ Grove Art Online (2008-) "Pope Julius II [Giuliano della Rovere]" accessed 20 June 2010
S. Pietro in Vaticano........ [BHA,JPGM,VP]
........ J. Paul Getty Museum database for collections (2000-)
........ Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
........ BHA, Authority file (1973-2003)
Petersdom........ [VP]
........ Fletcher, History of Architecture (1987)
Peterskirche........ [VP]
........ Bering, Peterskirche in Rom (2003) title
Sankt Peter im Vatikan........ [VP]
........ Bering, Peterskirche in Rom (2003)
New St. Peter's........ [VP]
........ New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano........ [VP]
........ LC Subject Authority Headings [online] (2002-)
........ New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
Basilica Sancti Petri........ [VP]
........ Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
........ New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
Sanctus Petrus........ [VP]
........ Grove Art Online (2008-)
........ LC Subject Authority Headings [online] (2002-)
Saint Peter’s Cathedral........ [VP]
........ Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Basilique de Saint-Pierre........ [VP]
........ LC Subject Authority Headings [online] (2002-)
St. Peter’s........ [VP]
........ LC Subject Authority Headings [online] (2002-)
Basilica vaticana........ [VP]
........ LC Subject Authority Headings [online] (2002-)
Basílica de San Pedro........ [VP]
........ Holy See [official site] (2002-)
Basílica papal de San Pedro........ [VP]
........ Holy See [official site] (2002-)
Βασιλική του Αγίου Πέτρου........ [VP]
........ Dēmētrokallēs, Palaiochristianikoi kai vyzantinoi maiandroi (1982) 247, digital
聖伯多祿大殿........ [VP]
........ 陈曦文 基督教与中世纪西欧社会 (1999) 121
كاتدرائية القديس بطرس........ [VP]
........ Ottoman City Between East and West [online] (1991)
Subject: ....... [VP,GRISC,GCI,BHA]
....................... Fletcher, History of Architecture (1975)
....................... Great Buildings Online (1997-)
....................... Catholic Encyclopedia [online], republished from 1913 edition (2003-)
....................... Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1986) 499-500, 571-575
Note:
English ..... [VP]
..... Fletcher, History of Architecture (1975) 327 ff.; 821 ff.
..... Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1986) 499-500, 571-575
..... Holy See [official site] (2002-) accessed 4 January 2007
..... Fletcher, History of Architecture (1996)
..... Grove Art Online (2008-)
..... New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1979)
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