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ID: 700000158Record Type: Built Work
Pantheon (temple (building); unknown Ancient Roman, for the Emperor Hadrian (Roman empero...; begun in 27 BCE, completely re...)
Note: The Pantheon was dedicated to the seven planetary gods in 128 CE. It was consecrated as a church in the early seventh century. It is the major surviving example of Roman concrete vaulted architecture. It is composed of a domed rotunda attached to a columned entrance portico. Now free-standing, it was originally the focal point of a long, porticoed forecourt.
Titles:
Pantheon (preferred,C,U,undetermined,U,U)
Santa Maria ad Martyres (C,U,FO,undetermined,U,U)
Santa Maria Rotunda (C,U,FO,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: item
Work Types:
temple (building) [300007595] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, ceremonial structures, religious structures, religious buildings)
rotunda (building) [300004842]
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by form>, <single built works by form: massing or shape>)
church (building) [300007466]
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, ceremonial structures, religious structures, religious buildings)

Classifications:
architecture (preferred)
Roman art

Creation Date: begun in 27 BCE, completely rebuilt 118/119-125/128

Creator Display:
unknown Ancient Roman, for the Emperor Hadrian (Roman emperor and patron, 76 CE-138 CE, ruled 117-138) [preferred,VP]
patron Hadrian, Emperor of Rome (Roman emperor, architect, and patron, 76-138 CE) [500022200]
architect unknown Ancient Roman (Ancient Roman cultural designation) [500202843]
Locations:
Roma [7000874] Roma province (province), Lazio (region (administrative division)), Italy (nation), Europe (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Display Materials: constructed of stone, brick, concrete, and aggregate material; the drum is strengthened by huge brick arches and piers set above one another inside the walls
concrete [300010737]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material)
stone (worked rock) [300011176]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, rock, <rock by form>)
brick (clay product) [300010463]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, clay, clay products)
aggregate [300014704]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (Hierarchy Name), materials (matter), <materials by function>, additive (material))
rotundas (buildings) [300004842]
.......(Objects Facet, Built Environment (Hierarchy Name), Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by form>, <single built works by form: massing or shape>)

Dimensions: dome: 43 m (interior diameter and height) (141 feet); oculus: 8.9 m (diameter) (29 feet 2 inches)
Cultures:
Roman (preferred)

General Subject:
architecture (preferred )
religion and mythology

Specific Subjects:
worship [300056005]
.....(Associated Concepts Facet, Associated Concepts, <religions and religious concepts>, religious concepts) (AAT)
Planetary Gods [1000079]
.....((general Religion/Mythology concepts, Religion/Mythology)) (ICON)
Queen of Martyrs [1000080]
.....((Life of the Virgin Mary, New Testament, Christian iconography, Religion/Mythology)) (ICON)

Related Works:
depicted in .... Perspective Cutaway of the Pantheon, Viewed from the Northwest [700000165]
..........(preparatory drawing; Giovanni Antonio Dosio (Italian, 1533-after 1609); 1565/1568; Gabinetto disegni e stampe degli Uffizi (Florence, Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy))

List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Built Work
Sources and Contributors:
Pantheon........ [VP]
........ CDWA online (1995-)
........ Robertson, Handbook of Greek and Roman Architecture (1929)
Santa Maria ad Martyres........ [VP]
........ CDWA online (1995-)
........ Robertson, Handbook of Greek and Roman Architecture (1929)
Santa Maria Rotunda........ [VP]
........ CDWA online (1995-)
........ Robertson, Handbook of Greek and Roman Architecture (1929)
Subject: ....... [VP]
Note:
English ..... [VP]
..... Boethius and Ward-Perkins, Etruscan and Roman Architecture (1970)
..... CDWA online (1995-)
..... Sear, Roman Architecture (1983) 170 ff.
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