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ID: 700000090Record Type: Built Work
Images: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Case Study House No. 21 (house; Pierre Koenig (American architect, active in Los Angeles, 19...; 1958-1959; commissioned in ear...)
Note: Case Study Houses were commissioned of Koenig and other architects through "Arts & Architecture" editor John Entenza to promote new building materials, technologies, and aesthetics appropriate for the middle class. Case Study No. 21 was considered by the architect to be his masterpiece. By May 1958 Koenig had completed his construction drawings and begun collaboration with factories that were capable of producing the prefabricated steel bents. The bulk of construction took place from August to November of the same year, and by January 1959 the house was officially completed. It is a minimalist classic Modern design in an open-plan steel-and-glass structure. The glass-walled house is surrounded by five reflecting pools. It comprises two bedrooms, kitchen, living room, two baths, a central court, carport, and a water-cooled roof. The house is located over a pond and features a fountain that creates cooling breezes in the hot, dry climate. During the hot months, water is pumped from the pool to the roof gutter, circulating and aerating the pool. Koenig himself oversaw a complete renovation of the house in 1998. The site for the house is a level building pad in the hills with a sweeping view to the south. The orientation of glazed walls is north and south, with solid walls on the east and west.
Titles:
Case Study House No. 21 (preferred,C,U,AR,English-P,U,U)
Bailey House (C,U,undetermined,U,U)
CSH #21 (C,U,undetermined,U,U)
Catalog Level: item
Work Types:
house [300005433] (preferred)
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (hierarchy name), Single Built Works (hierarchy name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, residential structures, dwellings)
National Historic Landmark [300262793]
..... (Objects Facet, Built Environment (hierarchy name), Single Built Works (hierarchy name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, monuments, <monuments by form>, markers (monuments), landmarks)

Classifications:
architecture (preferred)
Modern art

Creation Date: 1958-1959; commissioned in early 1957; renovated 1998

Creator Display:
Pierre Koenig (American architect, active in Los Angeles, 1925-2004) [preferred,VP]
architect Koenig, Pierre (American architect, 1925-2004) [500086520]
commissioner (person who orders works) Bailey, Walter (American psychiatrist, 20th century) [500356995]
engineer Porush, William (American structural engineer, 20th century) [500356996]
general contractor Hamilton, Pat (American general contractor, 20th century) [500356997]
interior decorator Stone, Viki (American interior designer, 20th century) [500356998]
Locations:
Los Angeles [7023900] Los Angeles county (county), California (state), United States (nation), North and Central America (continent), World (facet) (Geographic)
Address Note: 9036 Wonderland Park Avenue, Los Angeles; 34.116634 -118.391623
Display Materials: steel frame and flat roof deck
steel (alloy) [300133751]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, metal, <metal by composition or origin>, <iron and iron alloy>, iron alloy)
glass (material) [300010797]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material)
brick (clay product) [300010463]
.......(Materials Facet, Materials (hierarchy name), materials (matter), <materials by composition>, inorganic material, clay, clay products)
steel frame construction [300015341]
.......(Activities Facet, Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name), <processes and techniques by specific type>, <additive and joining processes and techniques>, assembling (additive and joining process), construction (assembling), <construction by form>)

Dimensions: 1 story, 1320 square feet, 4 rooms and 2 baths, on a 110 x 160 foot lot
Cultures:
American (preferred)

Style/Period/Group/Movement:
Modern (style or period) [300264736] (preferred,N/A)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name), <styles| periods| and cultures by general era>)
International Style (modern European architecture style) [300021472] (N/A)
.....(Styles and Periods Facet, Styles and Periods (hierarchy name), <styles| periods| and cultures by region>, European, <modern European styles and movements>, <modern European architecture styles and movements>)

General Subject:
architecture (preferred )

Specific Subjects:
house [300005433]
.....(Objects Facet, Built Environment (hierarchy name), Single Built Works (hierarchy name), single built works (built environment), <single built works by specific type>, <single built works by function>, residential structures, dwellings) (AAT)

Related Works:
based on .... Case Study House No. 21 [700000120]
..........(architectural drawing (visual work); architect and draftsman: Pierre Koenig (American architect, 1925-2004); ca. 1956; Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles, Los Angeles county, California, United States); 2006.M.30-xxx)
depicted in .... Case Study House No. 21 [700008539]
..........(photograph; Julius Shulman; 1958-1959)

List/Hierarchical Position:
..... Top of the CONA hierarchy
.......... Built Works
Sources and Contributors:
Case Study House No. 21........ [VP]
........ Blueprints for Modern Living (1989)
........ McCoy, Case Study Houses (1977)
........ CDWA online (1995-) accessed 27 October 2010
........ Steele et al, Pierre Koenig (1998)
........ Great Buildings Online (1997-)
........ McCoy, Case Study Houses (1975)
........ Smith, Case Study Houses (2002)
Bailey House........ [VP]
........ Great Buildings Online (1997-)
........ CDWA online (1995-) accessed 27 October 2010
CSH #21........ [VP]
........ Great Buildings Online (1997-)
........ CDWA online (1995-) accessed 27 October 2010
Subject: ....... [VP]
....................... McCoy, Case Study Houses (1975) http://www.artsandarchitecture.com/case.houses/pdf01/21-2.pdf
....................... Great Buildings Online (1997-)
Note:
English ..... [VP]
..... McCoy, Case Study Houses (1977)
..... Steele et al, Pierre Koenig (1998)
..... University of Southern California, L.A. Oscura (1999-) accessed 20 October 2008
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