A girl or kore wears a garment called a peplos, a rectangular piece of heavy cloth folded over at the top, pinned at the shoulders, and usually worn belted. Even in the statue's damaged state, the garment is identifiable by the overfold above the figure's waist. The specific type of overfold seen here dates this statue to about 475 B.C.
Draped statues of women were the norm in fifth century Greece, whereas men were often shown nude. The sculptors of these draped female statues were interested in capturing the interplay of the patterns of the garments' folds and the movement of the body underneath. A statue such as this one may have been offered as a gift to the gods in a sanctuary or even used to decorate the pediment of a Greek temple. This statue was once in the collection of Lord Elgin, a noted collector of antiquities.