Ruth St. Denis in Gypsy Costume
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Gift of Michael Wilson

Arthur F. Kales
American, about 1920
Platinum print
9 1/4 x 7 3/8 in.

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After seeing a poster advertising Egyptian Deities brand cigarettes, Ruth St. Denis became fascinated with eastern forms of dance and costume. St. Denis, one of the early innovators of modern dance in America, co-founded the influential Los Angeles dance school Denishawn. Dissatisfied with traditional ballet and the notion of dance as mere entertainment, she explored dance as a medium of spiritual and philosophical expression.