The Devil from the Earth
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English, probably London, about 1255 - 1260
Tempera colors, gold leaf, colored washes, and ink on parchment
12 9/16 x 8 7/8 in.

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That great dragon was cast out [of heaven], that old serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, who seduces the whole world; and he was cast unto the earth. (Apocalypse 12:9)

The illuminator depicted the devil, complete with horns and cloven hooves, holding a scimitar in one hand and a pitchfork in the other. He smiles gleefully at the prospect of his time on earth. An angel descending from the heavens holds a scroll recording the words that Saint John hears: "Ve terre et mari quia descendit diabolus ad vos habens iram magnam" (Woe to the land and sea, because the devil has come down to you, having great wrath).