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Christ in Majesty and the Four Evangelists with Their Symbols
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Master of Jean de Mandeville
French, Paris, about 1360 - 1370
Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, and ink on parchment

MS. 1, V1, FOL. 1

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The Historical Bible opens with the frontispiece of Christ in Majesty, with the Four Evangelists writing their Gospels in the corners. Even though Jesus' story is not told until later in the biblical narrative, his representation here links the Old Testament creation story opening the Bible with Christ's future birth, emphasizing that each individual biblical narrative can be seen as part of the progression of Christian history.

The miniature features graceful figures wearing sinuous draperies painted in grisaille. This technique, popular in the 1300s, is characterized by the use of variations of a single color to suggest a sculptural quality. The figures appear before colorful decorative backgrounds of red or blue, with the whole framed by an elaborate quatrefoil structure.

Detail Views

Evanglist Saint Mark
Evanglist Saint Mark

Running title: Genesis
Running title: Genesis