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Border with Zechariah's Vision of the High Priest and the Devil
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Simon Bening
Flemish, Bruges, about 1525 - 1530
Tempera colors, gold paint, gold leaf, and ink on parchment
6 5/8 x 4 1/2 in.
MS. LUDWIG IX 19, FOL. 165

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At the bottom right corner of this border, the prophet Zechariah looks up at a vision of Satan assailing the high priest Joshua. Medieval commentators saw a parallel between the Old Testament story of the priest Joshua and Jesus' plight as described in the New Testament. Simon Bening expressed this parallel visually by having Joshua--also unfairly accused--stand next to Satan just as Jesus stands next to Pilate in the facing miniature.