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Jean-Baptiste Greuze  

b. 1725 Tournus, France, d. 1805 Paris
painter; draftsman

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Courage, my friend Greuze, go ahead and moralize with your paintbrush, and always continue in this manner!
--Denis Diderot

After training in Lyon, Jean-Baptiste Greuze arrived in Paris in 1750, where he sporadically attended the Académie Royale. His 1755 Salon debut was a triumph, but the acclamation turned his head. He antagonized everyone, including fellow artists, which later proved disastrous.

While retaining the clear, bright colors and lighter attitude of eighteenth-century painting, Greuze introduced a Dutch-influenced realism into French genre painting and portraiture. Through vivid facial expressions and dramatic gestures, Greuze's moralizing paintings exemplified the new idea that painting should relate to life. They captured the details of settings and costumes, "spoke to the heart," educated viewers, and aimed to make them "virtuous."

In 1769 Académie members refused Greuze membership as a history painter, accepting him only in the lower category of genre, perhaps partly from ill will. Humiliated, he withdrew from public exhibitions completely. During the 1770s Greuze enjoyed a widespread reputation and engravings after his paintings were widely distributed, but his wife embezzled most of the proceeds. By the 1780s, Neoclassicism curtailed his popularity and his quality declined. After enduring poverty and neglect, he died unnoticed, having outlived his time and his reputation.

Bookstore   Related Getty Store items:
Jean-Baptiste Greuze: The Laundress

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1-5 of 6

Head of Old Man / Greuze
Head of Old Man

French, about 1755

Laundress / Greuze

French, 1761

Cimon & Pero / Greuze
Cimon & Pero

French, about 1767

Study of the Head / Greuze
Study of the Head

French, 1772-1775

Charitable Woman / Greuze
Charitable Woman

French, 1772-1775