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Jacques de Gheyn II  

b. 1565 Antwerp, Belgium, d. 1629 The Hague, The Netherlands
Painter; Draftsman; Printmaker

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Initially trained by his father, Jacques de Gheyn II moved to Haarlem around 1585 to study with Hendrick Goltzius for five years. He absorbed Goltzius's sinuous linear technique, which appeared in de Gheyn's early engravings. He moved to Leiden in the mid-1590s, then gave up engraving around 1600 and began painting and experimenting with etching. By 1605 de Gheyn had settled in The Hague, where he regularly worked for Holland's rulers. He designed Prince Maurice's garden, which included the Netherlands's first grottoes. Along with Goltzius, de Gheyn created some of Dutch art's earliest female nudes; he also painted some of Holland's earliest Vanitas still lifes and flower paintings. He made over 1,500 innovative drawings, including many landscapes and natural history illustrations. While in Amsterdam, he made 117 designs for engraved illustrations in a military training manual to aid the Dutch fight for independence from Spain. Particularly through his scores of prints and drawings, de Gheyn helped lead Dutch art from its decorative Mannerist style to naturalism.

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Soldier on Guard / Gheyn II
Soldier on Guard

Flemish, about 1597

Title Page / Gheyn II
Title Page

Flemish, 1598-1599

Bust of a Boy / Gheyn II
Bust of a Boy

Dutch, about 1600

Frog Sitting / Gheyn II
Frog Sitting

Dutch, about 1609