b. about 1443 Salamanca, Spain, d. about 1507
Fernando Gallego painted altarpieces and other religious works in Spain in the late fifteenth century. He combined the artistic traditions of his native Spain with the influence of Netherlandish painters such as Rogier van der Weyden and Dieric Bouts to produce a Hispano-Flemish style. Gallego's ability to paint dramatically intense human emotions was greatly admired in his lifetime. One of his final commissions, the extensive ceiling of the library of the University of Salamanca, depicted the constellations and signs of the zodiac; this theme was unique for its time, and Gallego received much praise for it from his contemporaries.