Oinochoe

Object Details

Title:

Oinochoe

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

East Greek (Milesian)

Place:

Ionia (present-day western Turkey) (Gallery label (created))

Date:

about 625 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

81.AE.83

Dimensions:

35.7 × 26.5 cm (14 1/16 × 10 7/16 in.)

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Herds of wild goats and spotted deer graze in single file on the lower registers of this trefoil oinochoe (three-spouted pitcher). On the shoulder of the vase, pairs of dogs, enormous water birds, and sphinxes flank a floral element. The cream-colored background is neatly filled with various patterns including rosettes, some of which are brought to life by small birds perched on their petals.

The rows of goats have given their name to this type of pottery decoration: the Wild Goat style. It was popular in East Greek settlements on the coast and islands of Asia Minor (the west coast of present-day Turkey) in the 7th and 6th centuries B.C. Animals arranged in friezes appear frequently in Greek art of this period. At this time, Greeks came into closer contact with their neighbors in the Near East, where repetitive bands of animal decoration were common. The island of Rhodes was once thought to have been the main producer of Wild Goat pottery, but excavation and clay analysis have since established the importance of workshops based in the ancient city of Miletos.

The highly ornate Wild Goat style is thought to have been patterned after textile designs, but ivory and bronze objects may also have provided sources of inspiration. The disks applied to the rim on either side of the handle of this oinochoe are clearly derived from metalwork.

Provenance
- 1981

Mohammad Yeganeh (Frankfurt, Germany), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1981.

Exhibitions
Beyond Beauty: Antiquities as Evidence (December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004
Bibliography

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 46.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 42.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 44.

Towne Markus, Elana. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Antiquities. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 29.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 44.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection (Los Angeles: 2002), p. 52.

Kaufler, Steffen. Die archaischen Kannen von Milet. (Diss., Universitat Bochum, 2004), pp. 82-83, fig. 26.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), pp. 24-25, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), pp. 54-55.

Coulié, Anne. La Céramique Grecque aux Époques Géométrique et Orientalisante (Paris: Éditions A. et J. Picard, 2013), 160, fig. 151.

Oakley, John H. The Greek Vase: Art of the Storyteller (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2013), p. 15, fig. 5.