Drug Jar for Syrup of Lemon Juice

Object Details

Title:

Drug Jar for Syrup of Lemon Juice

Artist/Maker(s):

Unknown

Culture:

Italian

Place(s):

Naples or Sciacca, Probably Pesaro or Possibly Kingdom of Naples, Italy (Place created)

Date:

about 1480

Medium:

Tin-glazed earthenware

Dimensions:

31.4 x 11.1 x 12.4 cm (12 3/8 x 4 3/8 x 4 7/8 in.)

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The painted label on this jar identifies its contents in Latin as syrupus acetositatis citriorum, or syrup of lemon juice. Latin was the language of all scientific writing in the 1400s. This preparation was used to reduce inflammations, calm fevers, quench thirst, and counteract drunkenness and dizziness. The tapered shape of this container made it easy to grasp and pour. The wide lip on its tall neck held a string, which secured the leather, paper, or cloth cover in place.

The jar displays a common late fifteenth-century motif of undulating leaves, known as scrolling Gothic leaves after a type of broad-leaf decoration found in the border illuminations of contemporary manuscripts.

Provenance
by 1913 - 1938

Alfred Pringsheim, 1850 - 1941 (Munich, Germany), looted by the Nazis on Kristallnacht, November 9, 1938.

1938 - 1939

In the possession of the Nazis [sold, Sotheby's, London, June 7, 1939, lot 9, to A. Recher.]

1939 -

A. Recher (London, England)

by 1944

Charles Damiron (Lyons, France), by inheritance to Paul Damiron.

- 1983

Paul Damiron [sold, Sotheby's, London, November 22, 1983, lot 212.]

- 1984

Rainer Zietz Limited, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1984.

Exhibitions
French Master Drawings (December 3, 1991 to February 16, 1992)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), December 3, 1991 to February 16, 1992
Bibliography

von Falke, Otto. Die Majolikasammlung Alfred Pringsheim in München, 2 vols. (Leiden, 1914-1923), 1: no. 22, pl. 15.

Hannover, Emil. Pottery and Porcelain (London, 1925), 1: fig. 117 (mistakenly identified as in the Louvre).

Damiron, Charles. Majoliques italiennes (privately printed, 1944), no. 27.

"Acquisitions/1984." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 13 (1985), p. 241, no. 161.

Hess, Catherine. Italian Maiolica: Catalogue of the Collections (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988), pp. 55-57, no. 17.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 202.

Cohen, David Harris, and Catherine Hess. Looking at European Ceramics: A Guide to Technical Terms (Malibu, 1993), p. 27.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 237, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 237, ill.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), no. 355.

Hess, Catherine. Italian Ceramics: Catalogue of the J. Paul Getty Museum Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2002), pp. 90-95, no. 16.

Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History (New Jersey: Pearson Education Ltd, 2005), p. 627, fig. 17.58.