Fragmentary Attic Red-Figure Kylix

Object Details

Title:

Fragmentary Attic Red-Figure Kylix

Artist/Maker:

Attributed to Oltos (Greek (Attic), active about 525 - 500 B.C.)

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place:

Athens, Greece (Place created)

Date:

about 510 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

80.AE.154

Dimensions:

31.4 cm (12 3/8 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of Dr. R. Almirante

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The interior of this cup is decorated with a reserved tondo border, inside of which is a woman striding to the right, but looking left. She wears a diadem and spiral bracelets, the latter in added red. In her right hand she carries a hydria and in her left, a cushion for carrying the vessel on her head. There is an inscription in the field,“Memnon is fine.”

The exterior is decorated with a series of scenes from the sack of Troy. Three palm trees serve to separate the vignettes. On one side, Priam sits on the altar of Zeus Herkeios, looking to the right, with a stippled head and beard indicating short hair. With only a swag of drapery over his shoulders, he leans back anxiously, with one hand on the altar’s volute corner, and raising his flexed right leg. He extends his left arm, only partially preserved, in supplication to Neoptolemos (named) who lifts his right arm to bludgeon the king with a young boy (Astayanax). The son of Achilles is attired as a hoplite, with shield (blazon: rooster), cuirass and greaves. The infant is nude, and dangles helplessly from Neoptolemos’ arm. Seen from the back, a series of wavy incised lines indicate the hair hanging from his head. To the right of Neoptolemos is a female wearing a sakkos, perhaps Hekabe, running to the right but looking back. To the left of the tree near the altar are the figures of Menelaos and Helen, both walking to the right. Menelaos looks back as he leads Helen by her wrist with his right hand while carrying a spear and a shield with a snake device with his left. Only the lower part of Helen is preserved. Opposite the scene with the death of Priam is a fragmentary scene of the rape of Kassandra. The scene is set between two palm trees. In the middle, Ajax (named; only part of the right leg, right arm and club or sword are preserved) strides to the right to attack the kneeling Kassandra. Only the top of her head, upraised right hand and left arm, which grasps at the statue of Athena, survive. Part of the shield, left leg and drapery of Athena are extant. She is depicted in a striding stance. To the right, on the other side of one of the palm trees is a trumpeter. Armed as a hoplite (helmet, shield with triskeles blazon, greaves) he blows his trumpet. On the far left, also standing on the other side of a palm tree, is a heavily swathed female (?) figure with a fillet in added red The cup has been reassembled from fragments. Neither the foot nor handles have been reconstructed.

Provenance
by 1979 - 1980

Dr. R. Almirante (Huntington Beach, California), donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980.

Exhibitions
Poets and Heroes (November 4, 1986 to February 28, 1987)
  • Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University (Atlanta), November 4, 1986 to February 28, 1987
Bibliography

Reichert, Petra. "Kelados." In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae V (1990), pp. 979-981, p. 980, no. 7.

Harnecker, Joachim. Oltos: Untersuchungen zu Themenwahl und Stil eines fruehrotfigurigen Schalenmalers. Europaeische Hochschulschriften. Reihe 38, Archaeologie 18. Frankfurt: 1991, pp. 141, 235, no. 106, pl. 11-12.

Connelly, Joan B. "Narrative and Image in Attic Vase Painting. Ajax and Kassandra at the Trojan Palladion," Narrative and Event in Ancient Art (P. Holliday, ed.) (Cambridge: 1993), pp. 99, 112-13.

Hedreen, Guy. "Image, Text, and Story in the Recovery of Helen," Classical Antiquity 15, 1 (April 1996), pp. 152-184, pp. 152, 161, 166-67; fig. 3.

Pipili, Maria. "Ilioupersis." In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VIII (1997), pp. 650-657, pp. 651-652, no. 4; pl. 400.

Hedreen, Guy. Capturing Troy: The Narrative Functions of Landscape in Archaic and Early Classical Greek Art (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001), fig. 5, pp. 25-27, 27 and n. 12, 37-38, 42, 64, 67, 78, 79, 143, n. 74, 152, 157, 161, 221, 222, 223, 225.

Recke, Matthias. Gewalt und Leid: Das Bild des Krieges bei den Athenern im 6. und 5. Jh.v.Chr. (Istanbul: Ege Yayinlari, 2002), p. 45, Taf. 32a.

Cohen, Beth. "Polyxena's Dropped Hydria: The Epic Cycle and the Iconography of Gravity in Athenian Vase Painting." In Approaching the Ancient Artifact. A. Avramidou and D. Demetriou, eds. (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2014), 20, fig. 1.

Tzachou-Alexandri, Olga. "Kassandran de Aias..." In Egraphsen kai Epoiesen. Essays on Greek Pottery and Iconography in Honour of Professor Michalis Tiverios. Edited by P. Valavanis and E. Manakidou. Thessaloniki: University Studio Press, 2014, p.296.