Fragmentary Attic Red-Figure Kylix

Object Details

Title:

Fragmentary Attic Red-Figure Kylix

Artist/Maker:

Attributed to Oltos (Greek (Attic), active about 525 - 500 B.C.)

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place:

Athens, Greece (Place created)

Date:

about 510 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

80.AE.154

Dimensions:

31.4 cm (12 3/8 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of Dr. R. Almirante

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The interior of this cup is decorated with a reserved tondo border, inside of which is a woman striding to the right, but looking left. She wears a diadem and spiral bracelets in added red. In her right hand she carries a hydria and in her left, a pad. There is an inscription in the field: Memnon is beautiful. The exterior is decorated with a series of Ilioupersis scenes. Priam sits on the altar of Zeus Herkeios, facing right, with a stippled head indicating short hair, facing Neoptolemos who lifts his right arm to bludgeon the king with the young Astayanax. He carries a shield with a rooster device in his left hand. To the right of Neoptolemos is a female wearing a sakkos, perhaps Hekabe. A palm tree rises behind the altar. To the left of this tree are the figures of Menelaos and Helen, both facing right. Menelaos leads Helen by her wrist with his right hand while carrying a spear and a shield with a snake device with his left. Only the lower part of Helen is preserved. Opposite the scene with the death of Priam is a fragmentary scene of the rape of Kassandra. Set between two palm trees, only part of the right leg, right arm and club or sword of Ajax is preserved as he moved to the right to attack the kneeling Kassandra. Only the top of her head, right hand and left arm, which grasps at the statue of Athena, survive. Part of the shield, left leg and drapery of Athena are extant. She is depicted in a striding stance. To the right of one palm tree is a a standing (female?) figure with a fillet in added red wrapped tightly in garments. To the left of the other palm tree is a trumpeter with a triskelion device on his shield. In the field are various inscriptions, including those identifying Menelaos, Neoptolemos, and Ajax.

Provenance
by 1979 - 1980

Dr. R. Almirante, donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980.

Exhibitions
Poets and Heroes (November 4, 1986 to February 28, 1987)
  • Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University (Atlanta), November 4, 1986 to February 28, 1987
Bibliography

Reichert, Petra. "Kelados." In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae V (1990), pp. 979-981, p. 980, no. 7.

Harnecker, Joachim. Oltos: Untersuchungen zu Themenwahl und Stil eines fruehrotfigurigen Schalenmalers. Europaeische Hochschulschriften. Reihe 38, Archaeologie 18. Frankfurt: 1991, pp. 141, 235, no. 106, pl. 11-12.

Connelly, Joan B. "Narrative and Image in Attic Vase Painting. Ajax and Kassandra at the Trojan Palladion," Narrative and Event in Ancient Art (P. Holliday, ed.) (Cambridge: 1993), pp. 99, 112-13.

Hedreen, Guy. "Image, Text, and Story in the Recovery of Helen," Classical Antiquity 15, 1 (April 1996), pp. 152-184, pp. 152, 161, 166-67; fig. 3.

Pipili, Maria. "Ilioupersis." In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VIII (1997), pp. 650-657, pp. 651-652, no. 4; pl. 400.

Hedreen, Guy. Capturing Troy: The Narrative Functions of Landscape in Archaic and Early Classical Greek Art (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001), fig. 5, pp. 25-27, 27 and n. 12, 37-38, 42, 64, 67, 78, 79, 143, n. 74, 152, 157, 161, 221, 222, 223, 225.

Recke, Matthias. Gewalt und Leid: Das Bild des Krieges bei den Athenern im 6. und 5. Jh.v.Chr. (Istanbul: Ege Yayinlari, 2002), p. 45, Taf. 32a.

Cohen, Beth. "Polyxena's Dropped Hydria: The Epic Cycle and the Iconography of Gravity in Athenian Vase Painting." In Approaching the Ancient Artifact. A. Avramidou and D. Demetriou, eds. (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2014), 20, fig. 1.

Tzachou-Alexandri, Olga. "Kassandran de Aias..." In Egraphsen kai Epoiesen. Essays on Greek Pottery and Iconography in Honour of Professor Michalis Tiverios. Edited by P. Valavanis and E. Manakidou. Thessaloniki: University Studio Press, 2014, p.296.