The J. Paul Getty Museum

Caricature of a Man with Bushy Hair

Object Details


Caricature of a Man with Bushy Hair


Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452 - 1519)




about 1495


Pen and brown ink

Object Number:



6.6 × 5.4 cm (2 5/8 × 2 1/8 in.)

See more

See less

Object Description

Leonardo da Vinci was in his early forties when he made this Caricature of a Man with Bushy Hair in Milan, Italy around 1495. He was just beginning The Last Supper mural for the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie. Inventor, artist, mathematician, naturalist, anatomist, engineer, and philosopher, Leonardo epitomized the quintessential Renaissance man. As a celebrated figure sought for important commissions, Leonardo worked for some of the most prominent families of Renaissance Europe, including the Medici of Italy and King Francis I of France.

While he is now best known for works that celebrate notions of ideal human proportion and beauty, such as the Vitruvian Man and the Mona Lisa, his interest in physiognomy led him to seek out the full range of human expression and facial features. As the early artist-biographer Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574) recorded, Leonardo was "so delighted when he saw curious heads, whether bearded or hairy, that he would follow anyone who had thus attracted his attention for a whole day, acquiring such a clear idea of him that when he went home he would draw the head as well as if the man had been present." This Caricature of a Man with Bushy Hair was one of numerous drawings of exaggerated facial form that da Vinci called visi monstruosi, “monstrous faces” in English. They were eventually bequeathed to Leonardo’s pupil, Francesco Melzi, who made them available for other artists to study and copy.

At some point late in the sixteenth century, this small sketch was cut from a larger single sheet of paper on which Leonardo had made multiple studies of heads. What remains here, though, carries hallmarks of Leonardo’s artistic technique. He used hatching—closely set parallel lines—to shade the figure. In this case, the strokes are drawn from the top left to lower right, a telltale sign of Leonardo’s renowned left-handedness (right-handed artists typically hatch from upper right to lower left, since the elbow is used as a pivot). The figure’s bushy hair reflects a technique that Leonardo pioneered and called sfumato, which relates to a softness of contour and blurring of boundaries, crucial to Leonardo’s style across drawings and paintings. He remarked that light and shade should blend “without lines or borders, in the manner of smoke.”

North Italian Drawings of the 15th through the 17th Century (July 27 to October 10, 1993)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), July 27 to October 10, 1993
The Earl and Countess of Arundel: Renaissance Collectors (May 2 to October 1, 1995)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), May 2 to October 1, 1995
Leonardo da Vinci, Master Draftsman (January 21 to July 14, 2003) (catalogue by C. Bambach et. al. )
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), January 21 to March 30, 2003
Casting Characters: Portraits and Studies of Heads (November 4, 2003 to February 1, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), November 4, 2003 to February 1, 2004
Drawings from Leonardo to Titian: A North Italian Itinerary (December 6, 2005 to February 26, 2006)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 6, 2005 to February 26, 2006
A Light Touch: Exploring Humor in Drawing (September 23 to December 7, 2008)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), September 23 to December 7, 2008
Hatched! Creating Form with Line (March 11 to June 1, 2014)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 11 to June 1, 2014
Leonardo da Vinci: 500 Years (April 30 to June 2, 2019)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), April 30 to June 2, 2019
Education Resources
Education Resources

Education Resource




Historical Witness, Social Messaging

Additional works of art related to the themes and topics of the curriculum.