Wheatstacks, Snow Effect, Morning (Meules, Effet de Neige, Le Matin)

Object Details


Wheatstacks, Snow Effect, Morning (Meules, Effet de Neige, Le Matin)


Claude Monet (French, 1840 - 1926)




France (Place created)




Oil on canvas


64.8 x 99.7 cm (25 1/2 x 39 1/4 in.)

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In the fall of 1890, Impressionist Claude Monet arranged to have the wheatstacks near his home left out over the winter. By the following summer he had painted them at least thirty times, at different times throughout the seasons. Wheatstacks was Monet's first series and the first in which he concentrated on a single subject, differentiating pictures only by color, touch, composition, and lighting and weather conditions. He said, "For me a landscape hardly exists at all as a landscape, because its appearance is constantly changing; but it lives by virtue of its surroundings, the air and the light which vary continually."

After beginning outdoors, Monet reworked each painting in his studio to create the color harmonies that unify each canvas. The pinks in the sky echo the snow's reflections, and the blues of the wheatstacks' shadows are found in the wintry light shining on the stacks, in the houses' roofs, and in the snowy earth. With raised, broken brushstrokes, Monet captured nuances of light and created a solid, geometric structure that prevents the surface from simply melting into blobs. The wheatstacks are solid forms, and, while the outlying houses are indecipherable close-up, they are clear from a distance.


Boussod, Valadon & Cie. (Paris, France), purchased from the artist, 1891; sold to Lonquety, 1891.

1891 -

Lonquety (Paris, France)


Marbeau (Paris, France)

Durand-Ruel & Cie (Paris, France), sold to Acquavella Galleries, Inc.

- 1969

Acquavella Galleries, Inc. (New York, New York), sold to John Thomson Dorrance, Jr., 1969.

1969 - 1989

John Thompson Dorrance, Jr., 1919 - 1989 (Pennsylvania) [sold, Dorrance sale, Sotheby's, New York, October 18, 1989, lot 32, to Henryk de Kwiatkowski]

1989 - 1995

Henryk de Kwiatkowski (New York, New York), sold through Apollo Art Advisory Services (London, England) to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1995.

Exposition d'oeuvres de Claude Monet (1840-1927). Oeuvres de 1891 à 1919 (April 2 to April 30, 1936) (Cat. 2)
  • Galerie Paul Rosenberg, (Paris), April 2 to April 30, 1936
Claude Monet (October 27 to November 28, 1976) (Cat. 53)
  • Acquavella Galleries, Inc., (New York), October 27 to November 28, 1976
Claude Monet: Philadelphia (June 20 to August 30, 1987) (no cat.)
  • Philadelphia Museum of Art, (Philadelphia), June 20 to August 30, 1987
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    Audio: Wheatstacks