The J. Paul Getty Museum

Portrait of a Scholar or Cleric

Object Details

Title:

Portrait of a Scholar or Cleric

Artist/Maker:

Hans Holbein the Younger (German, 1497/1498 - 1543)

Culture:

Swiss

Date:

1532–1535

Medium:

Black and red chalk, pen and brush and black ink on pink prepared paper

Object Number:

84.GG.93

Dimensions:

21.9 × 18.4 cm (8 5/8 × 7 1/4 in.)

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Object Description

Hans Holbein the Younger first sketched the sitter, whose identity is unknown, with black chalk. Subsequently, he used a brush and ink to describe the hair and collar. He used a pointed quill pen and ink to make the contour lines of the face and details such as the small dots that suggest the stubble of an incipient beard. In this second stage, Holbein made several changes in the outline of the hat and the cloak just behind the sitter's head. He used a soft red chalk over the pink ground of the paper to model the face subtly.

Holbein became painter to the court of King Henry VIII of England in 1536. After the artist's death in 1543, numerous drawings of members of the court were found in his studio. This group of drawings, which may have included this portrait, was gathered into the so-called "great booke" and given to Henry VIII.

Provenance
Provenance
-

Possibly John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley, English, 1533 - 1609

-

Possibly Thomas Howard, 2nd earl of Arundel, English, 1585 - 1646

1729

William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire, English, 1673 - 1729 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, third duke of Devonshire, 1729.

1729-1755

William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, English, 1698 - 1755 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, fourth duke of Devonshire, 1755.

1755-1764

William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, 1720 - 1764 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, fifth duke of Devonshire, 1764.

1764-1811

William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, 1748 - 1811 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William George Spencer Cavendish, sixth duke of Devonshire, 1811.

1811-1858

William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, 1790 - 1858 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his cousin William Cavendish, seventh duke of Devonshire, 1858.

1858-1891

William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire, 1808 - 1891 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son Spencer Compton Cavendish, eighth duke of Devonshire, 1891.

1891-1908

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, 1833 - 1908 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his nephew Victor Christian William Cavendish, ninth duke of Devonshire, 1908.

1908-1938

Victor Christian William Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire, 1868 - 1938 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son Edward William Spencer Cavendish, tenth duke of Devonshire, 1938.

1938-1950

Edward William Spencer Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire, 1895 - 1950 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son Andrew Robert Buxton Cavendish, eleventh duke of Devonshire, 1950.

1950-1984

Andrew Robert Buxton Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire, 1920 - 2004 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England) [sold, Old Master Drawings of Chatsworth, Christie's, London, July 3, 1984, lot 70 to the J. Paul Getty Museum.]

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Old Master Drawings from Chatsworth (1949)
  • Arts Council England (London), 1949
Exhibition of Works by Holbein and Other Masters of the 16th and 17th Centuries (December 7, 1950 to March 7, 1951)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), December 7, 1950 to March 7, 1951
Old Master Drawings from Chatsworth: A Loan Exhibition from the Devonshire Collection (1962 to 1963)
  • The Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland), 1962 to 1963
  • Pierpont Morgan Library (New York), 1962 to 1963
  • National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa), 1962 to 1963
  • The Art Institute of Chicago, 1962 to 1963
  • California Palace of the Legion of Honor (San Francisco), 1962 to 1963
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), 1962 to 1963
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1962 to 1963
Between Renaissance and Baroque: European Art 1520-1600 (March 10 to April 6, 1965)
  • Manchester Art Gallery (Manchester), March 10 to April 6, 1965
Old Master Drawings from Chatsworth (July 5 to August 31, 1969)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), July 5 to August 31, 1969
Old Master Drawings from Chatsworth (January 25 to March 23, 1975) (also reproduced on the cover)
  • National Museum of Western Art (Tokyo), January 25 to March 23, 1975
Old Master Drawings: A Loan Exhibition from the Duke of Devonshire (April to July 1977)
  • The Israel Museum (Jerusalem), April to July 1977
Treasures from Chatsworth: The Devonshire Inheritance (1979 to 1981)
  • Toledo Museum of Art (Toledo), 1979 to 1981
  • San Antonio Museum Association (San Antonio), 1979 to 1981
  • Kimbell Art Museum (Fort Worth), 1979 to 1981
  • New Orleans Museum of Art (New Orleans), 1979 to 1981
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1979 to 1981
  • Virginia Museum of Fine Arts (Richmond), 1979 to 1981
16th Century Northern European Drawings (February 18 to May 2, 1992)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), February 18 to May 2, 1992
Drawings from the J. Paul Getty Museum (May 24 to August 8, 1993)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), May 24 to August 8, 1993
Drawings from the J. Paul Getty Museum (October 29, 1993 to January 23, 1994)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), October 29, 1993 to January 23, 1994
The Earl and Countess of Arundel: Renaissance Collectors (May 2 to October 1, 1995)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), May 2 to October 1, 1995
Master Drawings from the J. Paul Getty Museum (December 16, 1997 to February 22, 1998)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to February 22, 1998
German and Swiss Drawings from the Permanent Collection (June 6 to August 20, 2000)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 6 to August 20, 2000
Posing for Posterity: Portrait Drawings from the Collection (October 30, 2001 to January 20, 2002)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), October 30, 2001 to January 20, 2002
Holbein in England (September 28, 2006 to January 7, 2007)
  • Tate Britain (London), September 28, 2006 to January 7, 2007
Renaissance Drawings from Germany and Switzerland, 1470-1600 (March 27 to June 17, 2012)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 27 to June 17, 2012