Herm of Hermes

Object Details


Herm of Hermes






Italy (Place created)


second half of 1st century




149 cm (58 11/16 in.)

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In Greek religion, Hermes was the god of boundaries and crossroads. A herm was a representation of the god showing his head atop a pillar, to which genitalia were added. Herms were placed at boundaries and thresholds as ritual guardians. This Roman sculpture is a copy of a famous herm known as the Hermes Propyleia carved by the Greek sculptor Alkamenes in the late 400s B.C. and set up at the entrance to the Athenian akropolis. Alkamenes carved the herm in an archaizing or intentionally old-fashioned style, combining facial features of the 400s B.C. with the beard and hairstyle typical of the Archaic period of the 500 s B.C. As religious sculpture, herms were often carved in an archaizing style in order to give them an air of ancient sanctity. During Roman times, herms lost their religious significance and became a popular garden and courtyard ornament. Over time, this herm has lost several separately carved and added elements, including two short bars that projected from the sides at shoulder height and the penis from the front of the pillar.

- 1924

Ugo or Aldo Jandolo, Italian, sold to Joseph Brummer, 1924.

1924 -

Joseph Brummer, Hungarian, 1883 - 1947, sold to Ralph H. Booth.

- 1925

Ralph Harmon Booth, American, died 1931, returned to Joseph Brummer, 1925.

1925 - 1927

Joseph Brummer, Hungarian, 1883 - 1947, sold to William Randolph Hearst, 1927.

1927 - 1941?

William Randolph Hearst, American, 1863 - 1951 (New York, New York)

1941? - 1947

Joseph Brummer, Hungarian, 1883 - 1947 (New York, New York), by inheritance to his heirs, 1947.

- 1964

Ernest Brummer, Hungarian, 1891 - 1964 (New York, New York), by inheritance to his wife, Ella Brummer, 1964.

1964 - 1979

Ella Baché Brummer [sold, the Ernest Brummer Collection, Galerie Koller, Zurich, October 16-19, 1979, lot 627, to the J. Paul Getty Museum.]


Parke-Bernet, New York. Sale cat., Joseph Brummer Coll., Part III, June 8-9, 1949 lot. 506.

Galerie Koller, Zurich. Sale cat., The Ernest Brummer Collection, October 16-19, 1979. lot 627.