The Virgin Mary with Saints Thomas Aquinas and Paul

Object Details

Title:

The Virgin Mary with Saints Thomas Aquinas and Paul

Artist/Maker:

Bernardo Daddi (Italian, active about 1312 - 1348)

Culture:

Italian

Place:

Florence, Tuscany, Italy (Place created)

Date:

about 1335

Medium:

Tempera and gold leaf on panel

Dimensions:

Framed [outer dim]: 121.6 x 113 cm (47 7/8 x 44 1/2 in.)

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Probably intended for a small chapel, this triptych shows the Virgin Mary in the center flanked by Saint Thomas Aquinas and Saint Paul. On the left panel Saint Thomas Aquinas wears the Dominican habit and holds a book of his writings. On the right panel, Saint Paul turns toward the Virgin and holds his symbol of martyrdom, the sword. In the center, the Virgin Mary wears a deep rich blue cloak made from ultramarine or lapis lazuli, a very precious and expensive pigment. A pattern of intricate marks called tooling, punched into the gold, defines the halo around her head. The background of the panels is covered with a thin layer of gold leaf, but the impression is of solid gold, meant to honor the holy figures depicted.

As if she is extending into our space, the Virgin Mary reaches over the marble parapet with her right hand. This gesture symbolizes the holy Mother's power and mercy, and her unique position to serve for man as a compassionate link to God.

During the 1500s, a reclining Christ Child was added in oil at the bottom, in front of the parapet. The child differed in style from the rest of the tempera painting. After the Museum acquired Bernardo Daddi's painting, conservators realized that the child was a later addition.

Provenance
- 1852

Possibly Marchese Pietro Francesco Rinuccini, died by 1852 (Florence, Italy) [sold, Rinuccini sale, Florence, May 1, 1852, lot 138.]

-

Private Collection (Lugano, Switzerland)

- 1993

Grassi Studio LLC (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993.

Exhibitions
Florence at the Dawn of the Renaissance: Painting and Illumination, 1300-1350 (November 13, 2012 to June 16, 2013) (Cat. 6)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), November 13, 2012 to February 10, 2013
  • Art Gallery of Ontario (Toronto), March 16 to June 16, 2013
Bibliography

Catalogo dei quadri ed altri oggetti della Galleria Rinuccini (Florence: Tipografia Piatti, 1845) p. 16, no. 49.

Catalogo della Galleria del fu Marc. Rinuccini (Florence: Tipografia di G. Mariani, 1852) p. 8, no. 138.

Alcuni quadri della Galleria Rinuccini: Descritti e illustrati (Florence: Tipografia le Monnier, 1852) p. 15, no. 138.

Quelques tableaux de la Galerie Rinuccini: décrits et illustrés (Florence: Imprimerie de Félix le Monnier, 1852) p. 15, no. 138.

"Acquisitions/1993." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 22 (1994) p. 74, no. 23, ill.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B. et al. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Paintings (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) pp. 10-11, no. 2, ill., entry by Dawson Carr.

Walsh, John, and Deborah Gribbon. The J. Paul Getty Museum and Its Collections: A Museum for the New Century (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) pp. 107, 110, ill.

Jones, Lars Raymond. "Visio Divina, Exegesis, and Beholder-Image Relationships in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance: Indications From Donor Figure Representations." Ph.D. diss. (Harvard University, 1999) pp. 143, 392, fig. 14.

La Madonna nell'attesa del parto: Capolavori dal patrimonio italiano del '300 e '400, exh. cat. (Milan: Basilica di San Carlo al Corso, 2000) pp. 46, 48, 68, 70, under nos. 2-3, no. 5.

Zanchi, Alessandra. "Los Angeles, il mistero del Gesù Bambino scomparso." Stile: Mensile d'arte, no. 38 (May 2000) pp. 20-21.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001) p. 92, ill.

Krüger, Klaus. Das Bild als Schleier des Unsichtbaren: Ästhetische Illusion in der Kunst der frühen Neuzeit in Italien (Munich: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 2001) pp. 53, 323, fig. 23.

Zuffi, Stefano. Gospel Figures in Art. Thomas Michael Hartmann, trans. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003) p. 67, ill.

Allen, Denise, et al. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, with Thames & Hudson, 2003) pp. 12-13, no. 3, ill., entry by Dawson Carr.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007) p. 87, ill.

Doherty, Tiarna, and Anne T. Woollett. Looking at Paintings: A Guide to Technical Terms. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2009) p. 79, ill.

Sciacca, Christine, ed. Florence at the Dawn of the Renaissance: Painting and Illumination, 1300-1350, exh. cat. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2012) pp. 42-45, no. 6, 48, 66, 107, 358, ill., cover ill.

Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

Spiritual Space

Lesson explore new modes of visual representation and changing religious practice in the Catholic Church during the early Renaissance.

Visual Arts; History–Social Science

6-8

Two-Part Lesson

Related Media
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