The J. Paul Getty Museum

View of the Grand Canal: Santa Maria della Salute and the Dogana from Campo Santa Maria Zobenigo

Object Details

Title:

View of the Grand Canal: Santa Maria della Salute and the Dogana from Campo Santa Maria Zobenigo

Artist/Maker:

Bernardo Bellotto (Italian, 1722 - 1780)

Culture:

Italian

Place:

Italy (Place Created)

Date:

about 1743

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Object Number:

91.PA.73

Dimensions:

139.1 × 236.9 cm (54 3/4 × 93 1/4 in.)

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Object Description

Bernardo Bellotto was the nephew of Canaletto, a painter renowned for his idealized views of Venice. Together they produced many painted vistas for tourists who stopped in Venice on their Grand Tour of Italy. Grand Tourists would have purchased these types of paintings as souvenirs and reflections of their cultural sophistication.

In this architectural record of Venice and the Grand Canal, Bellotto presented a cross-section of Venetian society going about business on a sunny morning. Light from the east falls upon the Palazzo Pisani-Gritti with its arched windows and painted façade. A Venetian devotional box housing various types of religious icons hangs below the arched windows of the building at the left. Such boxes were usually placed on a building right next to the canal so that passers-by could pause for a moment of prayer upon leaving or arriving.

Its image reflected in the canal, the Baroque church of Santa Maria della Salute dominates the right bank. Next to it, behind a shadowy row of houses, stands the Gothic façade of the Abbey of San Gregorio. On the far right is the Dogana or customs building. Gondolas and ferries, modes of transportation still in use today, traverse the water between the two banks. The mouth of the canal, where seafaring vessels leave or enter the city, is visible in the distance.

Provenance
Provenance
by 1831 - 1866

William Craven, second earl of Craven, 1809 - 1866 (Combe Abbey, Warwick, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to his son, George Grimston Craven, 1866.
Source: Catalogue of Pictures Chiefly by the Old Masters [...] (Birmingham: Birmingham Society, with Thomas Knott, 1831)

1866 - 1883

George Grimston Craven, third earl of Craven, 1841 - 1883 (Combe Abbey, Warwick, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to his son, William George Robert Craven, 1883.

1883 - 1921

William George Robert Craven, fourth earl of Craven, 1868 - 1921 (Combe Abbey, Warwick, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to his wife, Cornelia Martin Craven, 1921.

1921 - 1961

Cornelia Martin Craven, countess Craven, 1877 - 1961 (Combe Abbey, Warwick; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England) [sold, Craven sale, Sotheby's, London, November 29, 1961, lot 41, to Julius H. Weitzner.]

1961 -

Julius H. Weitzner, 1896 - 1986 (London, England; New York, New York)

- 1969

Robert Lehman, American, 1891 - 1969, by inheritance within the Lehman family.

1969 - 1991

Heirs of Robert Lehman, American, 1891 - 1969 (New York, New York), sold to Newhouse Galleries, 1991.

1991

Newhouse Galleries (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
British Institution 1820 (1820)
  • British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom (London), 1820
Society of Arts Exhibition, 1831 (1831)
  • Birmingham Society of Arts (Birmingham), 1831
Society of Arts Exhibition, 1842 (1842)
  • Birmingham Society of Arts (Birmingham), 1842
Art Treasures of the United Kingdom Collected at Manchester in 1857 (May 5 to October 17, 1857)
  • Art Treasures Palace (Manchester), May 5 to October 17, 1857
Exhibition of the Works of Ancient Masters 1863 (1863)
  • British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom (London), 1863
Bernardo Bellotto and the Capitals of Europe (July 29 to October 21, 2001)
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, July 29 to October 21, 2001
Bellotto and Canaletto: The Wonder of Light (November 25, 2016 to March 5, 2017)
  • Gallerie d'Italia - Piazza Scala (Venice), November 25, 2016 to March 5, 2017
Bibliography
Bibliography

Catalogue of Pictures Chiefly by the Old Masters of the Italian, Spanish and Flemish Schools, exh. cat. (Birmingham: Birmingham Society of the Arts, with Thomas Knott, 1831), p. 22, no. 126 (as Canaletto, lent by the 2nd earl of Craven).

Catalogue of Pictures by Deceased Masters of the Italian, Spanish, Flemish, and English Schools, exh. cat. (Birmingham: Birmingham Society of the Arts, with Alfred Allen, 1842), p. 10, no. 58 (as Canaletto, lent by the 2nd earl of Craven).

Scharf, George. Scharf Sketch Book (n.p.: n.p., 1853), SSB 25.

Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. Treasures of Art in Great Britian: Being an Account of the Chief Collections of Paintings, Drawings, Sculptures, Illuminated Mss., &c., &c. 3 vols. (London: John Murray, 1854), vol. 3, p. 219.

Scharf, George. A Handbook to the Paintings by Ancient Masters in the Art Treasures Exhibition (London: Bradbury and Evans, 1857), p. 69.

Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. A Walk through the Art Treasures Exhibition at Manchester (London: John Murray, 1857), p. 30.

Catalogue of the Art Treasures of the United Kingdom, Collected at Manchester in 1857, exh. cat. (London: Bradbury and Evans, 1857), p. 60, no. 826 (as Canaletto, "The Dogana and S. M. Della Saluto, Venice... Earl of Craven").

Catalogue of Pictures by Italian, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch, French, and English Masters [...], exh. cat. (London: British Institution, 1863), p. 10, no. 59.

Catalogue of the Pictures at Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, The Seat of William Earl of Craven (England: n.p., 1866), p. 5, no. 8 (as "Grand Canal, Venice...Canaletti").

A Handbook of Warwickshire (London: John Murray, 1899), p. 7.

"Combe Abbey. I. Warwickshire. A Seat of the Earl of Craven." Country Life 26, no. 674 (December 4, 1909), pp. 794-804, ill.

Graves, Algernon. A Century of Loan Exhibitions, 1813-1912. 5 vols. (London: Algernon Graves, 1913-15), vol. 1 (1913), pp. 144, 145, no. 59 (1863), no. 826 (1857).

The Right Honble. The Earl of Craven, Combe Abbey, Coventry--Inventory and Valuation for Fire Insurance: Pictures, Drawings and Engravings [manuscript] (n.p.: n.p., 1916), Craven MSS 372.

Inventory of Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire [manuscript] (n.p.: n.p., 1924), Craven MSS 373.

Sotheby & Co., London. Catalogue of Fine Old Master Paintings and Drawings. November 29, 1961, no. 41, ill. (as Canaletto).

Constable, William G. Canaletto: Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768. Vol. 2, The Catalogue Raisonné (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962), p. 259, no. 180.

Constable, William G. Canaletto: Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768. Vol. 1, Life and Work, Plates (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962), pl. 38.

Hermes. "Market Trends Eighteenth-Century Italian Art." Apollo 77, no. 13 (March 1963), pp. 255-56, fig. 1.

Pallucchini, Rodolfo. "A proposito della mostra bergamasca del Marieschi." Arte veneta 20 (1966), p. 324.

Goodison, Jack W., and Robertson, G. H. Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge: Catalogue of Paintings. 2 vols. (Cambridge: Fitzwilliam Museum, 1967), vol. 2, p. 14.

Berto, Giuseppe, and Lionello Puppi. L'Opera completa del Canaletto (Milan: Rizzoli, 1968), p. 102, no. 134A (as Canaletto).

Puppi, Lionello. The Complete Paintings of Canaletto (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1968), p. 102, no. 134A, ill. (as Canaletto and in Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, Craven Collection, though the painting was in the Weitzner Collection, New York as of 1961).

Hamstead Marshall, Formerly in the Collection of the Countess of Craven (London: Courtauld Institute of Art, 1970), unpaginated, no. 1 (as Canaletto, "Grand Canal").

Maxon, John, and Joseph J. Rishel, eds. Painting in Italy in the Eighteenth Century: Rococo to Romanticism, exh. cat. (Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, 1970), p. 54, under no. 16.

Kozakiewicz, Stefan. Bernardo Bellotto. 2 vols. Mary Whittall, trans. (London: Elek, 1972), vol. 2, p. 13.

Constable, William G. Canaletto: Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768. 2nd ed., rev. by J. G. Links (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976), vol. 2, p. 273, no. 180.

Constable, William G. Canaletto: Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768. 2nd ed., rev. by J. G. Links (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976), vol. 1, pl. 38.

Lurie, Ann Tzeutschler, et al. Cleveland Museum of Art: European Paintings of the 16th, 17th, and 18th Centuries (Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art, 1982), p. 318.

Corboz, André. Canaletto: Una Venezia Immaginaria. 2 vols. (Milan: Alfieri Electa, 1985), vol. 2, p. 634, no. P234.

Constable, William G. Canaletto: Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768. 2nd ed., rev. by J. G. Links (Oxford and New York: Clarendon Press, 1989), vol. 2, p. 273, no. 180.

Constable, William G. Canaletto: Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768, Vol. 1., 2nd ed. rev. by J. G. Links (Oxford and New York: Clarendon Press, 1989), pl. 38.

"Acquisitions/1991." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 20 (1992), p. 151, no. 35.

Fredericksen, Burton B., et al. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1995), unpaginated, no. 14, ill., entry by Perrin Stein.

Kowalcyzk, Bozena Anna. “Il Bellotto Veneziano: ‘grande intendimento ricercasi.” Arte Veneta, no. 48 (1996), pp. 70-90, fig. 16.

Matthiesen Gallery/Stair Sainty Matthiesen, Inc. (London and New York: Matthiesen Gallery and Stair Sainty Matthiessen, Inc., 1996), p. 34 (as Canaletto).

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 8, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B., et al. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Paintings (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 38, no. 19, ill., entry by David Jaffé.

Links, Joseph G. A Supplement to W.G. Constable's "Canaletto. Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768" (London: Pallas Athene Arts, 1998), p. 19, no. 180, pl. 252.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 108, ill.

Bowron, Edgar Peters, ed., Bernardo Bellotto and the Capitals of Europe, exh. cat. (Houston: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 2001), pp. 64-69, no. 8, ill.

Kowalczyk, Bozena Anna, and Monica da Cortà Fumei, eds. Bernardo Bellotto 1722-1780, exh. cat. (Venice: Museo Correr, 2001), pp. 64-69, no. 8, ill., entry by Bozena Anna Kowalczyk.

Allen, Denise, et al. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, with Thames & Hudson, 2003), p. 37, no. 18, ill., entry by David Jaffé.

Kowalczyk, Bozena Anna, ed. Canaletto e Bellotto: L'arte della veduta, exh. cat. (Turin: Palazzo Bricherasio, 2008).

Doherty, Tiarna, and Anne T. Woollett. Looking at Paintings: A Guide to Technical Terms. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2009), p. 41, ill.

Beddington, Charles. "Venetian View Painting in the Eighteenth Century." In Venice: Canaletto and His Rivals, exh. cat. Charles Beddington, ed. (London: National Gallery, with Yale University Press, 2010), pp. 42, 53n44.

Camuffo, Dario. "La camera oscura: il nostro occhio nel passato." In Il vedutismo veneziano: una nuova visione. Atti del seminario, 27 maggio 2011, Pinacoteca di Brera, Milano (Milan: Fondazione Bracco, 2012), pp. 109, 110, fig. 28c.

Bowron, Edgar Peters. "Vedutismo nella Venezia del Settecento." In Da Vermeer a Kandinsky: capolavori dai musei del mondo a Rimini, exh. cat. Marco Goldin, ed. Viviana Tonon et al., trans. (Rimini: Castel Sismondo, with Linea d'ombra, 2012), p. 45, ill.

Kowalczyk, Bożena Anna, ed. Bellotto and Canaletto: Wonder and Light, exh. cat. (Milan: Galleria d'Italia, with Silvana Editoriale, 2016), pp. 80-81, 273, no. 14, ill., entry by Bożena Anna Kowalczyk.

Kowalczyk, Bożena Anna, ed. Bellotto e Canaletto: lo stupore e la luce, exh. cat. (Milan: Silvana Editoriale, 2017), pp. 80-81, 273, no. 14, ill., entry by Bożena Anna Kowalczyk.

Education Resources
Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

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