View of the Grand Canal: Santa Maria della Salute and the Dogana from Campo Santa Maria Zobenigo

Currently on view at: Getty Center, Museum South Pavilion, Gallery S205

Object Details

Title:

View of the Grand Canal: Santa Maria della Salute and the Dogana from Campo Santa Maria Zobenigo

Artist/Maker:

Bernardo Bellotto (Italian, 1722 - 1780)

Culture:

Italian

Place:

Italy (Place created)

Date:

about 1743

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

139.1 × 236.9 cm (54 3/4 × 93 1/4 in.)

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Bernardo Bellotto was the nephew of Canaletto, a painter renowned for his idealized views of Venice. Together they produced many painted vistas for tourists who stopped in Venice on their Grand Tour of Italy. Grand Tourists would have purchased these types of paintings as souvenirs and reflections of their cultural sophistication.

In this architectural record of Venice and the Grand Canal, Bellotto presented a cross-section of Venetian society going about business on a sunny morning. Light from the east falls upon the Palazzo Pisani-Gritti with its arched windows and painted façade. A Venetian devotional box housing various types of religious icons hangs below the arched windows of the building at the left. Such boxes were usually placed on a building right next to the canal so that passers-by could pause for a moment of prayer upon leaving or arriving.

Its image reflected in the canal, the Baroque church of Santa Maria della Salute dominates the right bank. Next to it, behind a shadowy row of houses, stands the Gothic façade of the Abbey of San Gregorio. On the far right is the Dogana or customs building. Gondolas and ferries, modes of transportation still in use today, traverse the water between the two banks. The mouth of the canal, where seafaring vessels leave or enter the city, is visible in the distance.

Provenance
by 1831 - 1866

William Craven, second earl of Craven, 1809 - 1866 (Combe Abbey, Warwick, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to George Grimston Craven, 1866.
Source: Exh. Birmingham 1831.

1866 - 1883

George Grimston Craven, third earl of Craven, 1841 - 1883 (Combe Abbey, Warwick, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to William George Robert Craven, 1883.

1883 - 1921

William George Robert Craven, fourth earl of Craven, 1868 - 1921 (Combe Abbey, Warwick, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to Cornelia Martin Craven, 1921.

1921 - 1961

Cornelia Martin Craven, countess Craven, 1877 - 1961 (Combe Abbey, Warwick; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England) [sold, Craven sale, Sotheby's, London, November 29, 1961, lot 41, to Julius H. Weitzner.]

1961 -

Julius H. Weitzner, 1896 - 1986 (London, England; New York, New York)

- 1991

Robert Lehrman (New York, New York), by inheritance within the Lehman family; sold to Newhouse Galleries, 1991.

1991

Newhouse Galleries (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991.

Exhibitions
British Institution 1820 (1820)
  • British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom (London), 1820
Society of Arts Exhibition, 1831 (1831) (no. 126. (lent by the 2nd Earl of Craven))
  • Birmingham Society of Arts (Birmingham), 1831
Society of Arts Exhibition, 1842 (1842) (Cat. 58; (lent by the 2nd Earl of Craven))
  • Birmingham Society of Arts (Birmingham), 1842
Art Treasures of the United Kingdom Collected at Manchester in 1857 (May 5 to October 17, 1857)
  • Art Treasures Palace (Manchester)
British Institution 1863 (1863) (no. 59. (lent by the 2nd Earl of Craven))
  • British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom (London), 1863
Bernardo Bellotto (July 29 to October 21, 2001)
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, July 29 to October 21, 2001
Bibliography

Scharf, George. "Scharf Sketch Book." (SSB 25: 1853)

Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. Treasures of Art in Great Britian: Being an Account of the Chief Collections of Paintings, Drawings, Sculptures, Illuminated Mss., &c., &c. 3 vols. (London: John Murray, 1854) vol. 3, p. 219.

Scharf, George. "A Handbook to the Paintings by Ancient Masters in the Art Treasures Exhibition." (London: 1857) p. 69.

Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. "A Walk through the Art Treasures Exhibition at Manchester." (London: 1857) p. 30.

Catalogue of the Art Treasures of the United Kingdom, Collected at Manchester in 1857, exh. cat. (Manchester: Art Treasures Exhibition, 1857) p. 60, no. 826 (as Canaletto, "The Dogana and S. M. Della Saluto, Venice... Earl of Craven").

Catalogue of the Pictures at Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, The Seat of William Earl of Craven (England: 1866) p. 5, no. 8 (as "Grand Canal, Venice...Canaletti").

Murray, John George. "A Handbook of Warwickshire." (London: 1899) p. 7.

"Combe Abbey. I. Warwickshire. A Seat of the Earl of Craven." Country Life (December 4, 1909) pp. 794-804, ill.

Graves, Algernon. A Century of Loan Exhibitions, 1813-1912. 5 vols. (London: Algernon Graves, 1913-15), vol. 1 (1913) vol, 1. pp. 144, 145, no. 59 (1863), 826 (1857).

Inventory of Combe Abbey. Craven MSS 372. (1916)

Inventory of Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire. Craven MSS 373. (1924)

Constable, William G. Canaletto: Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962) vol. 1, pl. 38; vol. 2, p. 259, no. 180.

"Market Trends Eighteenth-Century Italian Art." Apollo (March 1963) pp. 255-56, fig. 1, ill.

Pallucchini, Rodolfo. "A proposito della mostra bergamasca del Marieschi." Arte veneta 20 (1966) p. 324.

Goodison, Jack W. and Robertson, G.H. Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge: Catalogue of Paintings, 2 vols. (Cambridge: Fitzwilliam Museum, 1967) vol. 2, p. 14.

Berto, Giuseppe and Lionello Puppi. L'Opera completa del Canaletto. Classici dell'arte Rizzoli, no. 18 (Milan: Rizzoli, 1968; reprint March 1981) p. 102, no. 134A (as Canaletto).

Puppi, Lionello. The Complete Paintings of Canaletto (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1968) p. 102, no. 134A, ill. (as Canaletto and in Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, Craven Collection, though the painting was in the Weitzner Collection, New York as of 1961).

Hamstead Marshall (London: Courtauld Institute of Art, 1970) formerly Countess of Craven collection.

Maxon, John, and Joseph J. Rishel, eds. Painting in Italy in the Eighteenth Century: Rococo to Romanticism, exh. cat. (Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, 1970) p. 54, under no. 16.

Kozakiewicz, Stefan. Bernardo Bellotto, 2 vols. Trans. Mary Whittall (London: Elek, 1972) vol. 2, p. 13.

Constable, William G. Canaletto: Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768, 2 vols., 2nd ed. rev. by J. G. Links (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976) vol. 1, pl. 38; vol. 2, p. 273, no. 180.

Lurie, Ann Tzeutschler, et al. Cleveland Museum of Art: European Paintings of the 16th, 17th, and 18th Centuries (Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art, 1982) p. 318, ill.

Corboz, André. Canaletto: Una Venezia immaginaria, 2 vols. (Milan: Alfieri Electa, 1985) vol. 2, p. 634, no. P234.

Constable, William G. Canaletto: Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768, 2 vols., 2nd ed. rev. by J. G. Links (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989) vol. 1, pl. 38; vol. 2, p. 273, no. 180.

"Acquisitions/1991." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 20 (1992) p. 151, no. 35.

Fredericksen, Burton B., et al. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1995) unpaginated, no. 14, ill., entry by Perrin Stein.

Matthiesen Gallery/Stair Sainty Matthiesen, Inc. (London and New York: Matthiesen Gallery and Stair Sainty Matthiessen, Inc., 1996) p. 34 (as Canaletto).

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) p. 8, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B. et al. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Paintings (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) p. 38, no. 19, ill., entry by David Jaffé.

Links, Joseph G. A Supplement to W.G. Constable's "Canaletto. Giovanni Antonio Canal 1697-1768" (London: Pallas Athene Arts, 1998) p. 19, no. 180, plate 252, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001) p. 108, ill.

Bowron, Edgar Peters, ed., Bernardo Bellotto and the Capitals of Europe, exh. cat. (Houston: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 2001) pp. 64-69, no. 8, ill.

Kowalczyk, Bozena Anna, and Monica da Cortà Fumei, eds. Bernardo Bellotto 1722-1780, exh. cat. (Venice: Museo Correr, 2001) p. 64-68, no. 8, ill., entry by Bozena Anna Kowalczyk.

Allen, Denise, et al. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, with Thames & Hudson, 2003) p. 37, no. 18, ill., entry by David Jaffé.

Doherty, Tiarna, and Anne T. Woollett. Looking at Paintings: A Guide to Technical Terms. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2009) p. 41, ill.

Beddington, Charles. "Venetian View Painting in the Eighteenth Century." In Venice: Canaletto and His Rivals, exh. cat. (London: National Gallery, with Yale University Press, 2010) pp. 42, 53n44.

Camuffo, Dario. "La camera oscura: il nostro occhio nel passato." In Il vedutismo veneziano: una nuova visione. Atti del seminario, 27 maggio 2011, Pinacoteca di Brera, Milano (Milan: Fondazione Bracco, 2012) pp. 109, 110, fig. 28c (detail).

Bowron, Edgar Peters. "Vedutismo nella Venezia del Settecento." In Da Vermeer a Kandinsky: capolavori dai musei del mondo a Rimini, exh. cat. Marco Goldin, ed. Viviana Tonon et al., trans. (Rimini: Castel Sismondo, with Linea d'ombra, 2012) p. 45, ill.

Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

The Ultimate Desk

Lesson in which students learn about the Baroque period, work in groups to create a Baroque desk, and reflection on the process in journals

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts; Music

3-5

Long-Term Unit

Looking at Landscapes Lesson 3: Postcards

Students write a postcard about their favorite landscape.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts; ESL (English as a Second Language)

Adult Learners

Short Activity

Looking at Landscapes Lesson 2: Verbal Descriptions

Students practice their speaking skills while describing a landscape scene for a partner to draw.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts; ESL (English as a Second Language)

Adult Learners

Single Class Lesson

Analyzing Paintings about Architecture

Lesson in which students learn about architectural elements and vantage points in paintings; and how 3-D shapes are transformed into 2-D forms.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts

9-12

Two-Part Lesson

Related Media
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    Audio: View of the Grand Canal - Level 3
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    Audio: View of the Grand Canal (Highlights) - Level 1