Christ Crowned with Thorns

Object Details

Title:

Christ Crowned with Thorns

Artist/Maker(s):

Gerrit van Honthorst (Dutch, 1590 - 1656)

Culture:

Dutch

Place(s):

Netherlands (Place created)

Date:

about 1620

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

222.3 x 173.5 cm (87 1/2 x 68 5/16 in.)

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As was customary for promising Dutch painters in the 1600s, Gerrit van Honthorst traveled to Italy to complete his artistic training. In Rome he fell under the spell of Caravaggio's revolutionary style and adopted his use of realistic figures and dramatic lighting, known as chiaroscuro. In Italy he acquired the nickname Gherardo delle Notti (Gerrit of the Nights) because he painted so many night scenes lit by candles or torches.

This recently discovered painting may have been made as an altarpiece. It shows the Crowning with Thorns, one of the last of the series of events comprising the trial of Christ. His crude features illuminated by a torch, a jeering soldier mocks Christ, who humbly accepts the soldier's derision. In the shadows, another soldier places the crown of thorns on Christ's head, using a cane to protect his own hands. At the left, two dimly lit figures, perhaps Pontius Pilate and an advisor, discuss Christ's fate.

Provenance
18th-century - 1831

Fieschi Family (Genoa, Italy)

about 1825 -

Cross Family (Genoa, Italy)

Private Collection (Zürich, Switzerland)

Private Collection (West Germany)

- 1990

Mizrahi Kunst und Antiquitäten, Inc. (Zürich, Switzerland), sold through Herman Shickman Gallery (New York, New York) to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1990.

Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

Looking and Learning (6-12) Lesson 1

Secondary students prepare for a museum visit by researching a work of art and speculating about the museum's motivation for collecting it.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts

6-8; 9-12

Two-Part Lesson

Looking and Learning (6-12) Lesson 2

Secondary students view an original work of art in a museum and interpret it using formal analysis and research done for homework.

Visual Arts

6-8; 9-12

Short Activity

Related Media
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    Audio: Christ Crowned With Thorns